Ian C. D. Johnston

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Plasmacytoid dendritic cells are present in lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissue and contribute substantially to both innate and adaptive immunity. Recently, we have described several monoclonal antibodies that recognize a plasmacytoid dendritic cell-specific antigen, which we have termed BDCA-2. Molecular cloning of BDCA-2 revealed that BDCA-2 is a novel type(More)
Nonstructural proteins encoded by measles virus (MV) include the V protein which is translated from an edited P mRNA. V protein is not associated with intracellular or released viral particles and has recently been found to be dispensable for MV propagation in cell culture (H. Schneider, K. Kaelin, and M. A. Billeter, Virology 227:314-322, 1997). Using(More)
Acute measles is associated with pronounced immunosuppression characterized both by leukopenia and impaired lymphocyte functions. In an earlier study, we found that mitogen-dependent proliferation of uninfected human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and spontaneous proliferation of human cell lines of lymphocytic or monocytic origin was impaired after(More)
Tumor-initiating cells (TIC) are critical yet evasive targets for the development of more effective antitumoral strategies. The cell surface marker CD133 is frequently used to identify TICs of various tumor entities, including hepatocellular cancer and glioblastoma. Here, we describe oncolytic measles viruses (MV) retargeted to CD133. The viruses, termed(More)
Wild-type, lymphotropic strains of measles virus (MV) and tissue culture-adapted MV vaccine strains possess different cell tropisms. This observation has led to attempts to identify the viral receptors and to characterize the functions of the MV glycoproteins. We have functionally analyzed the interactions of MV hemagglutinin (H) and fusion (F) proteins of(More)
Super-paramagnetic CD44 MicroBeads (Miltenyi) designed for the isolation of infectious HIV-1 from dilute or difficult biological samples dramatically enhance the infectivity of bound HIV virions, even if the original viral suspension is merely incubated with beads. Infection of the CEM T cell line with the NL4-3 virus clone or primary human CD4 T cells with(More)
Theiler's virus is a murine picornavirus that persists in the central nervous system in susceptible mouse strains, and gives rise to immune mediated demyelinating disease. Antiviral CD4 T cells are necessary to protect from overwhelming virus replication in the acute phase of the disease, and are thought to act by stimulating the antibody response. The(More)
Recombinant measles viruses (MV) in which the authentic glycoprotein genes encoding the fusion and the haemagglutinin (H) proteins of the Edmonston (ED) vaccine strains were swapped singly or doubly for the corresponding genes of a lymphotropic MV wild-type virus (strain WTF) were used previously to investigate MV tropism in cell lines in tissue culture.(More)
We present a flexible and highly specific targeting method for lentiviral vectors based on single-chain antibodies recognizing cell-surface antigens. We generated lentiviral vectors specific for human CD105(+) endothelial cells, human CD133(+) hematopoietic progenitors and mouse GluA-expressing neurons. Lentiviral vectors specific for CD105 or for CD20(More)
Rhesus macaques are invaluable experimental animals in biomedical research. Using three color flow cytometry, we screened anti-human antibodies for crossreactivity with macaque cells in order to determine the distribution of functionally important lymphocyte subsets in blood, lymph nodes (LN), and spleen. NK-cells are almost completely absent in LN. The(More)