Ian C. Boulton

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Infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae can trigger an intense inflammatory response, yet there is little specific immune response or development of immune memory. In addition, gonorrhea typically correlates with a transient reduction in T lymphocyte counts in blood, and these populations recover when gonococcal infection is resolved. Such observations suggest(More)
Pathogenic Neisseria bacteria naturally liberate outer membrane "blebs," which are presumed to contribute to pathology, and the detergent-extracted outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) from Neisseria meningitidis are currently employed as meningococcal vaccines in humans. While the composition of these vesicles reflects the bacteria from which they are derived,(More)
The availability of free iron in vivo is strictly limited, in part by the iron-binding protein transferrin. The pathogenic Neisseria spp. can sequester iron from this protein, dependent upon two iron-repressible, transferrin-binding proteins (TbpA and TbpB). TbpA is a TonB-dependent, integral, outer membrane protein that may form a beta-barrel exposing(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a gram-negative pathogen that is capable of satisfying its iron requirement with human iron-binding proteins such as transferrin and lactoferrin. Transferrin-iron utilization involves specific binding of human transferrin at the cell surface to what is believed to be a complex of two iron-regulated, transferrin-binding proteins,(More)
Gonorrhoea enhances the transmission of HIV through increased viral shedding and the increased probability of seroconversion among previously HIV-negative individuals. However, the mechanism(s) underlying these influences remain poorly understood. We demonstrated that exposure to Neisseria gonorrhoeae induces the nuclear factor kappa B-dependent(More)
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