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We have isolated a maedi-visna-like virus from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of a British sheep displaying symptoms of arthritis and pneumonia. After brief passage in fibroblasts this virus (designated EV1) was used to infect choroid plexus cells. cDNA clones of the virus were prepared from these cells and sequenced. Gaps between non-overlapping(More)
Diversity in the LTR of maedi-visna virus strain EV1 has been examined by PCR-based gene amplification using DNA from infected cells both in vitro and in experimentally infected animals. In vitro, several variant structures were found in the U3 regions of the LTR which contained repeats of sequences including presumed AP-1 and AP-4 binding sites. Although(More)
Murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) encodes a set of unique genes, M1, M2, M3 and M4, and eight non-translated tRNA-like molecules that are thought to be important in virus-host interactions and latent infection. The M4 gene is predicted to encode a novel secreted protein. To investigate the role of M4 in viral pathogenesis, a mutant MHV-68 that did not(More)
Visna virus is the prototype lentivirus, with a genome structure similar to that of the human immunodeficiency viruses HIV-1 and HIV-2. We have analysed in vitro the transcription pattern of this virus in lytic infections of choroid plexus cells. Northern blot analysis shows the presence of spliced subgenomic mRNA species of 4.9, 4.3, 4.0, 1.7 and 1.4 kb.(More)
BACKGROUND Detection, isolation, and identification of individual virus infected cells during long term infection are critical to advance our understanding of mechanisms of pathogenesis for latent/persistent viruses. However, current approaches to study these viruses in vivo have been hampered by low sensitivity and effects of cell-type on expression of(More)
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