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The ABC transporter HlyB is a central element of the HlyA secretion machinery, a paradigm of Type I secretion. Here, we describe the crystal structure of the HlyB-NBD (nucleotide-binding domain) with H662 replaced by Ala in complex with ATP/Mg2+. The dimer shows a composite architecture, in which two intact ATP molecules are bound at the interface of the(More)
The ABC-transporter haemolysin B is a central component of the secretion machinery that translocates the toxin, haemolysin A, in a Sec-independent fashion across both membranes of E. coli. Here, we report the X-ray crystal structure of the nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) of HlyB. The molecule shares the common overall architecture of ABC-transporter NBDs.(More)
Escherichia coli hemolysin is secreted as a water-soluble polypeptide of Mr 107,000. After binding to target erythrocytes, the membrane-bound toxin resembled an integral membrane protein in that it was refractory towards extraction with salt solutions of low ionic strength. Toxin-induced hemolysis could be totally inhibited by addition of 30 mM dextran 4(More)
The natural wild-type Bacillus subtilis strain 3610 swarms rapidly on the synthetic B medium in symmetrical concentric waves of branched dendritic patterns. In a comparison of the behavior of the laboratory strain 168 (trp) on different media with that of 3610, strain 168 (trp), which does not produce surfactin, displayed less swarming activity, both(More)
Type 1 secretion systems (T1SS) are wide-spread among Gram-negative bacteria. An important example is the secretion of the hemolytic toxin HlyA from uropathogenic strains. Secretion is achieved in a single step directly from the cytosol to the extracellular space. The translocation machinery is composed of three indispensable membrane proteins, two in the(More)
The approximately 27 kDa ABC-ATPase, an extraordinarily conserved, unique type of ATPase, acts as a machine to fuel the movement across membranes of almost any type of molecule, from large polypeptides to small ions, via many different membrane-spanning proteins. A particular ABC-ATPase must therefore be tailor-made to function in a complex with its cognate(More)
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC)-transporter haemolysin (Hly)B, a central element of a Type I secretion machinery, acts in concert with two additional proteins in Escherichia coli to translocate the toxin HlyA directly from the cytoplasm to the exterior. The basic set of crystal structures necessary to describe the catalytic cycle of the isolated HlyB-NBD(More)
The mechanism of the inhibition and of the recovery of DNA synthesis in E. coli following UV-irradiation was analysed in several mutants defective in repair or in the regulation of the RecA-LexA dependent SOS response. Several lines of evidence indicated that inhibition is not an inducible function and is probably due to the direct effect of lesions in the(More)
The relatively simple type 1 secretion system in gram-negative bacteria is nevertheless capable of transporting polypeptides of up to 800 kDa across the cell envelope in a few seconds. The translocator is composed of an ABC-transporter, providing energy through ATP hydrolysis (and perhaps the initial channel across the inner membrane), linked to a(More)
Heterologous proteins synthesized in the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli in bioreactor culture may accumulate in one of three 'compartments':the cytoplasm, the periplasm, or the extracellular medium. Many overexpressed proteins from various origins have been purified from each of these locations. However, to date, each system has required specific(More)