Ian Barry Holland

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Many biological processes are coupled to ATP hydrolysis. We describe here a class of closely related ATP-binding proteins, from several bacterial species, which are associated with a variety of cellular functions including membrane transport, cell division, nodulation in Rhizobium and haemolysin export. These proteins comprise a family of structurally and(More)
Free intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in Escherichia coli was measured using the bioluminescent protein aequorin. Overall, the bacteria maintained a tight control on their free [Ca2+]i. The results indicated a slow Ca2+ influx, the magnitude of the initial rise in free [Ca2+]i being dependent upon the concentrations of external Ca2+. This was followed by the(More)
Highly branched dendritic swarming of B. subtilis on synthetic B-medium involves a developmental-like process that is absolutely dependent on flagella and surfactin secretion. In order to identify new swarming genes, we targeted the two-component ComPA signalling pathway and associated global regulators. In liquid cultures, the histidine kinase ComP, and(More)
Bacillus subtilis swarms rapidly over the surface of a synthetic medium creating remarkable hyperbranched dendritic communities. Models to reproduce such effects have been proposed under the form of parabolic Partial Differential Equations representing the dynamics of the active cells (both motile and multiplying), the passive cells (non-motile and(More)
Photorhabdus temperata K122 is an entomopathogenic bacterium symbiotically associated with nematodes of the family Heterorhabditidae: Surface fimbriae are important for the colonization of many pathogenic bacteria, and here we report the nucleotide sequence and analysis of the expression of a 12-kbp fragment encoding the mannose-resistant fimbriae of P.(More)
The ATPase activity of the ABC (ATP-binding cassette) ATPase domain of the HlyB (haemolysin B) transporter is required for secretion of Escherichia coli haemolysin via the type I pathway. Although ABC transporters are generally presumed to function as dimers, the precise role of dimerization remains unclear. In the present study, we have analysed the HlyB(More)
Phosphate, as a constituent of the high energy molecules, ATP/GTP and polyphosphate, plays a crucial role in most of the metabolic processes of living organisms. Therefore, the adaptation to low Pi availability is a major challenge for bacteria. In Streptomyces, this adaptation is tightly controlled by the two component PhoR/PhoP system. In this study, the(More)
Bacteria adopt social behavior to expand into new territory, led by specialized swarmers, before forming a biofilm. Such mass migration of Bacillus subtilis on a synthetic medium produces hyperbranching dendrites that transiently (equivalent to 4 to 5 generations of growth) maintain a cellular monolayer over long distances, greatly facilitating single-cell(More)