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The motor hand function of 16 children, aged between 4 and 7 years, with developmental speech and language disorders, was compared with that of 16 control children. The children with developmental speech and language disorders were significantly slower than controls on three out of four motor tasks. They were also more likely than controls to have mixed(More)
Neurodevelopmental disorders could be caused by maternal antibodies or other serum factors. We detected serum antibodies binding to rodent Purkinje cells and other neurons in a mother of three children: the first normal, the second with autism, and the third with a severe specific language disorder. We injected the serum (0.5-1.0 ml/day) into pregnant mice(More)
A total of 91 children (68 singletons, 20 twins and three triplets) who were conceived from cryopreserved embryos between 27 December 1989 and 18 January 1994, and 83 normally conceived control children (81 singletons and two twins) of a similar age, sex and social class, were assessed for minor congenital anomalies and major congenital malformations. Their(More)
A cohort of 91 children from cryopreserved embryos and 83 control children who were conceived normally had their development assessed using the Griffiths's scales of mental development. The controls (81 singletons and two twins) of a similar age, sex, and social class were selected from siblings, cousins, and peers of the cryopreserved embryo group (68(More)
The ability of normal and clumsy children to match the length of lines within and between the modalities of vision and kinesthesis was studied. The clumsy children showed perceptual impairments, as indicated by their poor performance on the visual, kinaesthetic and cross-modal judgements of length and also by their low scores on spatial subtests of the(More)
Health professionals' knowledge of ethnic minority cultures and lifestyles was assessed to determine whether the respondents' cultural background and experience of working with ethnic minorities affected the health care delivered by them and to assess the need for training. Improving access to health services for ethnic minorities requires continuing(More)
Eleven infants with neonatal onset of intractable epilepsy are described, who showed the clinical and electroencephalographic features of Ohtahara syndrome. With time, transition to West and Lennox-Gastaut syndromes occurred. No cause could be found in eight cases. All nine survivors are severely mentally and physically handicapped and continue to have(More)
Adult-centred studies continue to show poor information provision and understanding in people with epilepsy. This study explores whether paediatric neurologists work within a consultation framework designed to meet information needs. A questionnaire on how to give the diagnosis was sent to 32 UK Paediatric Neurologists. Consultation content was largely(More)
Blood and saliva were collected from 48 children, aged three to 17 years, before a morning dose of carbamazepine and then at three, six and eight hours afterward. There was no significant difference in the ratio of 10-11 epoxy-carbamazepine to total carbamazepine for children on carbamazepine alone (0.18) and those on an additional anticonvulsant (0.19). 11(More)