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The motor hand function of 16 children, aged between 4 and 7 years, with developmental speech and language disorders, was compared with that of 16 control children. The children with developmental speech and language disorders were significantly slower than controls on three out of four motor tasks. They were also more likely than controls to have mixed(More)
Neurodevelopmental disorders could be caused by maternal antibodies or other serum factors. We detected serum antibodies binding to rodent Purkinje cells and other neurons in a mother of three children: the first normal, the second with autism, and the third with a severe specific language disorder. We injected the serum (0.5-1.0 ml/day) into pregnant mice(More)
The ability of normal and clumsy children to match the length of lines within and between the modalities of vision and kinesthesis was studied. The clumsy children showed perceptual impairments, as indicated by their poor performance on the visual, kinaesthetic and cross-modal judgements of length and also by their low scores on spatial subtests of the(More)
Eleven infants with neonatal onset of intractable epilepsy are described, who showed the clinical and electroencephalographic features of Ohtahara syndrome. With time, transition to West and Lennox-Gastaut syndromes occurred. No cause could be found in eight cases. All nine survivors are severely mentally and physically handicapped and continue to have(More)
In a previous study, clumsy children, when compared to normal children of the same age, were found to be impaired in their ability to match the length of successively presented straight lines within and between the modalities of vision and kinaesthesis. The present study explores this finding further by comparing the clumsy children's performance with that(More)
Blood and saliva were collected from 48 children, aged three to 17 years, before a morning dose of carbamazepine and then at three, six and eight hours afterward. There was no significant difference in the ratio of 10-11 epoxy-carbamazepine to total carbamazepine for children on carbamazepine alone (0.18) and those on an additional anticonvulsant (0.19). 11(More)
One hundred and eighty-six consecutive children aged between six and 72 months admitted to the Manchester Children's Hospitals with a febrile convulsion in the first year of life, a complicated febrile convulsion, or more than one febrile convulsion within two years, were allocated randomly to one of three groups who were offered rectal diazepam in the(More)
In order to investigate the abilities and care needs of adolescents with severe learning disability, the authors conducted structured interviews with parents/carers of 42 males and 29 females aged 11 to 25 years and attending a school or adult training centres in Salford, Manchester. 56 per cent of the subjects could talk in sentences and 82 per cent could(More)