Ian A Baines

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Initiation factor eIF4E binds to the 5'-cap of eukaryotic mRNAs and plays a key role in the mechanism and regulation of translation. It may be regulated through its own phosphorylation and through inhibitory binding proteins (4E-BPs), which modulate its availability for initiation complex assembly. eIF4E phosphorylation is enhanced by phorbol esters. We(More)
Metabolic bioactivation is widely considered an undesirable event and a likely prerequisite step in the expression of drug-induced hepatotoxicity and hypersensitivity. Reducing bioactivation risk early in drug discovery, therefore, may help reduce compound attrition and provide safer drug therapies. In vitro bioactivation data and clinical dose for a large(More)
Drug-induced liver injury is the most common cause of market withdrawal of pharmaceuticals, and thus, there is considerable need for better prediction models for DILI early in drug discovery. We present a study involving 223 marketed drugs (51% associated with clinical hepatotoxicity; 49% non-hepatotoxic) to assess the concordance of in vitro bioactivation(More)
Movement of the malaria parasite into a host erythrocyte during invasion is thought to involve polymerization of parasite actin. We have used F-actin affinity chromatography to isolate actin-binding proteins from Plasmodium knowlesi merozoites, in an attempt to identify proteins responsible for regulating parasite actin polymerization during invasion. Five(More)
Mammalian c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) are members of a group of stress-activated intracellular signalling molecules within the MAP kinase family. Molecular genetic analysis of a highly evolutionarily conserved Drosophila JNK homologue, DJNK, has demonstrated that this molecule plays an essential developmental role in cell shape regulation. However, it(More)
Actin was identified in the motile trophozoites of Gregarina by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy. Ultrastructurally actin was found by immunogold labelling to be associated with the internal cytomembranes of the ectoplasmic folds and the general ectoplasmic region below the folds. Western blotting with antibodies to actin identified polypeptides with(More)
The presence of myosin in dinoflagellates was tested using an anti-Acanthamoeba castellanii myosin II polyclonal antibody on the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Crypthecodinium cohnii Seligo. Western blots revealed the presence of a unique band of 80 kDa in total protein extracts and after immunoprecipitation. Expression of this 80 kDa protein appeared(More)
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