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Receptor tyrosine kinases and receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) appear to coordinate many aspects of neural development, including axon growth and guidance. Here, we focus on the possible roles of RPTPs in the developing avian retinotectal system. Using both in situ hybridization analysis and immunohistochemistry, we show for the first time(More)
The cell adhesion molecule-like tyrosine phosphatase CRYPalpha is localized on retinal axons and their growth cones. We present evidence that two isoforms of this type IIa phosphatase, CRYPalpha1 and CRYPalpha2, have extracellular ligands along the developing retinotectal pathway. Using alkaline phosphatase fusion proteins containing the CRYPalpha1(More)
Chick PTPsigma (cPTPsigma), also known as CRYPalpha, is a receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase found on axons and growth cones. Putative ligands for cPTPsigma are distributed within basement membranes and on glial end feet of the retina, optic nerve, and optic tectum, suggesting that cPTPsigma signaling is occurring along the whole retinotectal(More)
RPTPsigma is a cell adhesion molecule-like receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase involved in nervous system development. Its avian orthologue, known as cPTPsigma or CRYPalpha, promotes intraretinal axon growth and controls the morphology of growth cones. The molecular mechanisms underlying the functions of cPTPsigma are still to be determined, since neither(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs predicted to regulate one third of protein coding genes via mRNA targeting. In conjunction with key transcription factors, such as the repressor REST (RE1 silencing transcription factor), miRNAs play crucial roles in neurogenesis, which requires a highly orchestrated program of gene expression to(More)
Receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) are regulators of axon outgrowth and guidance in a variety of different vertebrate and invertebrate systems. Three RPTPs, CRYP-alpha, PTP-delta, and LAR, are expressed in overlapping but distinct patterns in the developing Xenopus retina, including expression in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) as they send axons(More)
Increased sarcolemmal permeability has been implicated as a major pathological event in muscular dystrophies. In our study, we evaluated whether damaged muscle fibres can be specifically targeted using albumin as a carrier. We tagged human serum albumin (HSA) with Gadolinium (Gd) and systemically applied this compound (Gd-DTPA-HSA) to wildtype and(More)
Id2 cDNA was isolated from a subtractive screen of stage-12 quail caudal somites. In situ hybridisation analysis identified the previously un-described expression of Id2 mRNA in distinct medial and lateral domains of the somitic dermamyotome in both quail and chick embryos. Id2 expression in somites was highly dynamic being first initiated in the lateral(More)
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