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There has been considerable research into perceptible correlates of emotional state, but a very limited amount of the literature examines the acoustic correlates and other relevant aspects of emotion effects in human speech; in addition, the vocal emotion literature is almost totally separate from the main body of speech analysis literature. A discussion of(More)
Concatenative speech synthesis is increasing in popularity, as it offers higher quality output than previous formant synthesisers. However, it is based on recorded speech units, concatenative synthesis offers a lesser degree of parametric control during re-synthesis. Consequently, adding pragmatic effects such as different speaking styles and emotions at(More)
Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) can regenerate tissues by direct differentiation or indirectly by stimulating angiogenesis, limiting inflammation, and recruiting tissue-specific progenitor cells. MSCs emerge and multiply in long-term cultures of total cells from the bone marrow or multiple other organs. Such a derivation in vitro is simple and(More)
We reviewed 87 patients who underwent revision reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. The incidence of meniscal tears and degenerative change was assessed and related to the interval between failure of the primary graft and revision reconstruction. Patients were divided into two groups: early revision surgery within six months of graft failure,(More)
Applying an analysis of acted vocal emotions to improve the simulation of synthetic speech. Abstract: All speech produced by humans includes information about the speaker, including conveying the emotional state of the speaker. It is thus desirable to include vocal affect in any synthetic speech where improving the naturalness of the speech produced is(More)