Iain R. Hutcheson

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The development of acquired resistance to antihormonal agents in breast cancer is a major therapeutic problem. We have developed a tamoxifen-resistant (TAM-R) MCF-7 breast cancer cell line to investigate the mechanisms behind this condition. Both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and c-erbB2 mRNA and protein expression were increased in TAM-R compared(More)
Crosstalk between the oestrogen receptor (ER) and ERBB2/HER-2 pathways has long been implicated in breast cancer aetiology and drug response, yet no direct connection at a transcriptional level has been shown. Here we show that oestrogen-ER and tamoxifen-ER complexes directly repress ERBB2 transcription by means of a cis-regulatory element within the ERBB2(More)
Oestrogen receptor (ER) levels are usually maintained on acquisition of tamoxifen resistance in the clinic, however, tumour re-growth is associated with increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and activation of the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. In the present study we have used the ER down-regulator fulvestrant(More)
An increasing body of evidence demonstrates that growth factor networks are highly interactive with estrogen receptor signaling in the control of breast cancer growth. As such, tumor responses to antiestrogens are likely to be a composite of the estrogen receptor and growth factor-inhibitory activity of these agents, with alterations/aberrations in growth(More)
Classically the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) is an essential component of insulin-like growth factor type 1 receptor (IGF-IR) signalling, providing an interface between the receptor and key downstream signalling cascades. Here, however, we show that in tamoxifen-resistant MCF-7 (Tam-R) breast cancer cells, that are highly dependent on epidermal(More)
Many estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer patients initially respond to treatment with antihormonal agents such as tamoxifen, but remissions are often followed by acquisition of resistance and ultimately disease relapse. The development of a rationale for the effective treatment of tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer requires an understanding of the(More)
We have previously demonstrated that oestrogen receptor α (ERα) modulates epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling efficiency in a tamoxifen-resistant MCF-7 breast cancer cell line (Tam-R). In the present study we have investigated whether this cross-talk between EGFR/MAPK and ERα signalling pathways is(More)
Aberrant signalling through the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a major role in the progression and maintenance of the malignant phenotype and the receptor is therefore a rational anti-cancer target. A variety of approaches have been developed to specifically target the EGFR which include monoclonal antibodies and small molecule tyrosine(More)
PAF-receptor antagonists are known to inhibit gastrointestinal damage induced by endotoxin. In the present study, the interaction between the biosynthesis of PAF and thromboxane (TX) A2, as putative mediators of the acute intestinal damage induced by endotoxin, has been investigated in the anaesthetised rat. Bolus intravenous administration of(More)
NO- and prostanoid-independent relaxations are generally assumed to be mediated by an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) that has been postulated to be an arachidonic acid metabolite. Recent evidence also suggests that direct heterocellular gap junctional communication (GJC) between endothelium and smooth muscle contributes to NO-independent(More)