Iain P Fraser

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Cell migration plays important roles in embryonic development and inflammation, and this process is highly regulated to ensure tissue homeostasis. A number of barriers exist to prevent the inappropriate migration of leukocytes into healthy peripheral tissues, including retention of these cells in the inactive state and maintenance of the integrity and(More)
Innate immune responses to bacteria require cooperative interactions between host recognition molecules and phagocytes. The peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are a large group of proteins found in insects and mammals that bind to bacterial peptidoglycan (PGN). PGRP-S is located with other antimicrobial proteins, such as lysozyme, in the granules of(More)
The innate immune system evolved to protect the host in the early phases of an infectious challenge. The soluble mannose binding protein, and the cell surface mannose receptor are two key pattern recognition molecules of innate immunity. The ligand binding specificity of these molecules enables them to differentiate 'self' from 'non-self'. These pattern(More)
Phagocytosis of extracellular organisms in the alveolar spaces of the lungs represents the first-line of host defense against pulmonary pathogens. Disruption of this process is likely to interfere with the generation of appropriate specific immune responses, and lead to a delayed or inefficient clearance of the pathogen. Pneumocystis carinii, an(More)
Pattern recognition receptors recognize molecular patterns associated with the surfaces of microbes and apoptotic cells. These receptors act alone and in concert to bind, phagocytose, and transduce cellular signals derived from these molecular patterns. The outcome of these interactions is dependent on the nature of the ligands, and upon the nature and(More)
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