Iain M. Parnum

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Measurements of low-frequency sound propagation over the areas of the Australian continental shelf, where the bottom sediments consist primarily of calcarenite, have revealed that acoustic transmission losses are generally much higher than those observed over other continental shelves and remain relatively low only in a few narrow frequency bands. This(More)
Methods for processing multibeam echo-sounder (MBES) bathymetry data are well established, however, there is no universal and established approach to processing and interpretation of MBES backscatter data. The aim of this paper is to (1) detail the different backscatter logging methods implemented in modern high-frequency MBES systems used primarily in(More)
Modern, high-resolution multibeam sonar systems are capable of mapping acoustic backscattering strength coinciding with fine bathymetry, which improves substantially the capability of sonars to discriminate different types of seafloor habitats. As part of the Coastal Water Habitat Mapping project of the CRC for Coastal Zone, Estuary and Waterway Management,(More)
In Western Australia, aggregations of Samsonfish (Seriola hippos) form each summer to spawn in waters west of Rottnest Island. In this study, a Reson 7125 Seabat multibeam sonar (400 kHz) was pole mounted aboard a 21.6 m vessel, conducting acoustic transects to acquire acoustic backscatter simultaneously from a midwater aggregation of S. hippos and the(More)
There is growing awareness of underwater noise in a variety of marine habitats, and how such noise may adversely affect marine species. This is of particular concern for acoustically-specialized species, such as dolphins. In order to ascertain the potential impacts of anthropogenic noise on these animals, baseline information is required for defining the(More)
Seagrass distribution and other measures of seagrass condition have been used as broad scale biological indicators of marine and estuarine health. To date the distribution of seagrass in the Swan-Canning Estuary has been assessed based on aerial photographs, which is ineffective in deep, turbid waters. Sidescan sonar systems (SSS) provide acceptable results(More)
Research involving marine mammals often requires costly field programs. This paper assessed whether the benefits of using cameras outweighs the implications of having personnel performing marine mammal detection in the field. The efficacy of video and still cameras to detect Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) in the Fremantle Harbour(More)
douglas h. cato1, michael J. noad2, rebecca a. dunlop2, robert d. mccauley3, nicholas J. gales5, chandra p. salgado Kent3, hendrik Kniest5, david paton6, K. curt s. Jenner7, John noad2, amos l. maggi3, iain m. parnum3 and alec J. duncan3 1maritime operations division, defence science and technology organisation, sydney, nsw and university of sydney, nsw(More)
This study uses information derived from cores to describe the Holocene accretion history of coral reefs in the macrotidal (up to 11 m tidal range) Buccaneer Archipelago of the southern Kimberley coast, Western Australia. The internal architecture of all cored reefs is broadly similar, constituting well-preserved detrital coral fragments, predominantly(More)