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The passage of a barium meal (15 % by mass) was followed through the digestive system of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus by flash-freezing crabs at set intervals, followed by radiography of specimens. Food moved from the oesophagus into the stomach region within 15 min. After 1-2 h, food was visible in the midgut, at 6 h it had reached the hindgut, and(More)
Invertebrate cardiovascular systems have historically been viewed as sluggish, poorly regulated, and " open " , where blood bathes the tissues directly as it moves through a system of ill-defined sinuses and/or lacunae without an endothelial boundary. When examining cardiovascular/circulatory morphology and physiology in a broader evolutionary context, one(More)
Exercise and digestive processes are known to elevate the metabolic rate of organisms independently. In this study, the effects of simultaneous exercise and digestion were examined in the graceful crab Cancer gracilis. This species exhibited resting oxygen uptake levels between 29 and 42 mg O(2) kg(-1) h(-1). In postprandial crabs, oxygen uptake was(More)
The thermoregulatory behavior of Hemigrapsus nudus, the amphibious purple shore crab, was examined in both aquatic and aerial environments. Crabs warmed and cooled more rapidly in water than in air. Acclimation in water of 16 degrees C (summer temperatures) raised the critical thermal maximum temperature (CTMax); acclimation in water of 10 degrees C (winter(More)
Gastric evacuation and gut contraction rates were followed in the graceful crab Cancer gracilis during exposure to low salinity. Crabs were fed a radio-opaque meal and then exposed to 100% seawater (SW), 80%SW or 60%SW; passage of digesta was followed using a fluoroscope. Exposure to low salinity increased the time for food passage through the gut system.(More)
  • Iain J McGaw
  • 2008
The gastric physiology of the Dungeness crab, Cancer magister, was investigated over a range of oxygen tensions. Postprandial crabs reacted differently to hypoxia compared with unfed animals. The bradycardic response in postprandial animals was reduced, suggesting a summation of responses with feeding. A similar pattern was observed for ventilation rate. In(More)
  • Iain J McGaw
  • 2005
Historically, the decapod crustacean circulatory system has been classed as open. However, recent work on the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, suggests the circulatory system may be more complex than previously described. Corrosion casting techniques were refined and used to map the circulatory system of a variety of crab species (order: Decapoda; family:(More)
This article reviews the mechanical processes associated with digestion in decapod crustaceans. The decapod crustacean gut is essentially an internal tube that is divided into three functional areas, the foregut, midgut, and hindgut. The foregut houses the gastric mill apparatus which functions in mastication (cutting and grinding) of the ingested food. The(More)
Recent studies focusing on the consequences of feeding for ion and water balance in freshwater fish have revealed the need for similar comparative studies in seawater fish. A detailed time course sampling of gastrointestinal (GI) tract contents following the ingestion of a single meal of a commercial diet revealed the assimilation of both water and dietary(More)
Peptide neurohormones exist as functionally similar analogues in a wide variety of invertebrate and vertebrate phyla, and many have been implicated as cardiovascular regulators. In decapod crustaceans, these include the pentapeptide proctolin, crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP) and the FMRF amide-related peptides F1 and F2, all of which are found in the(More)