Iain Dickson

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Modelling studies suggest that urban cycling is associated with an increased inhaled dose of fossil fuel-derived black carbon (BC). Using the amount of black material in airway macrophages as a marker of long-term inhaled BC, we sought to compare inhaled BC dose in London (UK) cyclists and non-cyclists. Airway macrophage carbon was assessed in 28 (58%) out(More)
BACKGROUND The effectiveness of intermittent montelukast for wheeze in young children is unclear. We aimed to assess whether intermittent montelukast is better than placebo for treatment of wheeze in this age group. Because copy numbers of the Sp1-binding motif in the arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5) gene promoter (either 5/5, 5/x, or x/x, where x does(More)
We attempted to optimize some of the variables involved in the in vitro culturing of Plasmodium falciparum. Irrespective of the isolates used, suspension cultures in glucose-enriched RPMI-1640 medium buffered with TES yielded about twice the amount of parasites than could be obtained from static, thin-layer cultures with HEPES-buffered RPMI-1640 without(More)
Cryoprecipitation is commonly used as the primary step in the preparation of clinical factor VIII concentrates; yet recovery is usually very low. Much of this loss is due to poor temperature control and a process of continuous plasma thawing has been designed to overcome this. A substantial improvement has resulted, with an increase in both yield and purity(More)
The stability of VIII:C was investigated by monitoring samples taken at different points from a routine process for the manufacture of factor VIII concentrate and by examining the stabilising influence of a number of product formulations. Loss of VIII:C over process-finishing procedures (formulation, 0.22 micron filtration, dispensing) was associated with a(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies report an association between pneumonia and urban particulate matter (PM) less than 10 microns (μm) in aerodynamic diameter (PM(10)). Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common cause of bacterial pneumonia worldwide. To date, the mechanism whereby urban PM enhances vulnerability to S pneumoniae infection is unclear. Adhesion of S(More)