Iain A. Anderson

Learn More
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that the architecture of spastic muscles in children with cerebral palsy is considerably altered; however, only little is known about the structural changes that occur other than in the gastrocnemius muscle. In the present study, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and subject-specific modelling techniques were used to compare(More)
Because of their large output strain, dielectric elastomer actuators (DEAs) have been proposed for tunable optics applications such as tunable gratings. However, the inherent viscoelastic drift of these actuators is an important drawback and closed-loop operation of DEAs is a prerequisite for any accurate real-world application. In this paper, we show how(More)
We present here an anatomically based model of the human masticatory system that provides a framework for simulating the complex chewing process. The initial motivation for creating this model was the desire to have a computational model of the human jaw that can be used to simulate the action of simple bites, and to calculate the stresses and forces on the(More)
Kinematic data from 3D gait analysis together with musculoskeletal modeling techniques allow the derivation of muscle-tendon lengths during walking. However, kinematic data are subject to soft tissue artifacts (STA), referring to skin marker displacements during movement. STA are known to significantly affect the computation of joint kinematics, and would(More)
The object of this study was to develop a method to assess the accuracy of an image-free total knee replacement navigation system in legs with normal or abnormal mechanical axes. A phantom leg was constructed with simulated hip and knee joints and provided a means to locate the centre of the ankle joint. Additional joints located at the midshaft of the(More)
We developed a method to assess the accuracy of an image-free resurfacing hip arthroplasty navigation system in a proximal femur with normal and abnormal anatomy. A phantom lower limb allowed deformation in varus/valgus and ante-retroversion. At specific points during the simulated surgical procedure, information was compared between a digital caliper and(More)
Computer-assisted navigation systems for hip resurfacing arthroplasty are designed to minimize the chance of implant malposition. However, there is little evidence computer navigation is useful in the presence of anatomical deformity. We therefore determined the accuracy of an image-free resurfacing hip arthroplasty navigation system in the presence of a(More)