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Both ritonavir and indinavir were readily metabolized by human intestinal microsomes. Comparison of the patterns of metabolites in incubations with enterocyte microsomes and expressed cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes and immunoinhibition and chemical inhibition studies showed the essential role of the CYP3A subfamily in the metabolism of both protease(More)
Biotransformation of rifabutin, an antibiotic used for treatment of tuberculosis in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and its interactions with some macrolide and antifungal agents were studied in human intestinal and liver microsomes. Both liver and enterocyte microsomes metabolized rifabutin to 25-O-deacetylrifabutin,(More)
The in vivo disposition and in vitro metabolism of rifabutin, a new spiropiperidylrifamycin, were studied in rats and in microsomes from rat liver and enterocytes, respectively. After i.v. doses of 1,5, 10 and 25 mg/kg the systemic clearance was 0.7 to 1.0 liters/hr/kg; the volume of distribution was 4.4 liters/kg for the 1 mg/kg dose and 7.4 to 7.7(More)
The antimycobacterial drug rifabutin is extensively metabolized in humans and laboratory animals. About 40% of the dose is excreted in urine as unchanged drug, and lipophilic (extractable with 1-chlorobutane) and polar metabolites. Polar metabolites accounted for 59.1 +/- 2.5% and 88.8 +/- 4.4% of radioactivity in urine collected over 96 hr after(More)