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The Major Insect Pests of Oilseed Rape in Europe and Their Management: An Overview
TLDR
There is potential for natural enemy conservation through modification of within-field crop husbandry practices as well as, on the landscape scale, through habitat and environmental manipulation to encourage vegetational diversity of the agroecosystem.
A landscape‐scale study of bumble bee foraging range and constancy, using harmonic radar
TLDR
The results support the hypothesis that bumble bees do not necessarily forage close to their nest, and illustrate that studies on a landscape scale are required if the authors are to evaluate bee foraging ranges fully with respect to resource availability.
Bees and the Pollination of Crops and Wild Flowers in the European Community
(1991). Bees and the Pollination of Crops and Wild Flowers in the European Community. Bee World: Vol. 72, No. 2, pp. 47-59.
The economic value of bees in the UK
In the UK, as elsewhere in Europe, bees are valued not only for the honey and wax that they produce, but also for the pollination service that they provide to the majority of our crops and wild
Food for insect pollinators on farmland: insect visits to flowers of annual seed mixtures
TLDR
In 1996 and 1997, observations were made in Hertfordshire, UK, on the flowering phenology and flower-attractiveness to visiting Hymenoptera, Diptera and Lepidoptera of plots sown to mixtures of six annual flowering plant species that attracted a diversity of flower-visiting insects.
Exploitation of host plant preferences in pest management strategies for oilseed rape (Brassica napus)
TLDR
Turnip rape showed good potential as a trap crop for oilseed rape pests, particularly the pollen beetle as its odour was more attractive to both pests than that of oilseed Rape, and the development of a pest control regime based on this strategy is discussed.
Biocontrol-based integrated management of oilseed rape pests
TLDR
12 species have been identified as the key parasitoid species of these pests in winter oilseed rape, and, with little divergence, also in spring rape in nearly all European countries where their hosts occur.
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