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Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology
PART I: BACKGROUND The Development of Neuropsychology Origins of the Human Brain and Behavior Organization of the Nervous System The Structure and Electrical Activity of Neurons Communication between
Cortical and subcortical lesions impair skilled walking in the ladder rung walking test: a new task to evaluate fore- and hindlimb stepping, placing, and co-ordination
The ladder rung walking test is a new task to assess skilled walking and measure both forelimb and hindlimb placing, stepping, and inter-limb co-ordination that is useful for assessing loss and recovery of function due to brain or spinal cord injury, the effectiveness of treatment therapies, as well as compensatory processes through which animals adapt to nervous system injury.
Loss of the innate cortical engram for action patterns used in skilled reaching and the development of behavioral compensation following motor cortex lesions in the rat
  • I. Whishaw
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • 1 April 2000
The results show that at least two separate processes contribute to recovery in postsurgical performance, and suggest that true recovery from motor cortex injury will require that damaged neurons and their connections be rescued or replaced.
An Introduction to Brain and Behavior
What Are the Origins of Brain and Behavior? How Does the Nervous System Function? What are the Units of Nervous System Function? How Do Neurons Transmit Information? How Do Neurons Communicate and
A behavioural analysis of spatial localization following electrolytic, kainate- or colchicine-induced damage to the hippocampal formation in the rat
Spatial localization by rats with different types of hippocampal damage was compared with vehicle-injected and normal control groups in the Morris water task, finding that all lesion groups, except the unilateral CA3-damaged group, were impaired at finding the platform.
Brain plasticity and behavior.
It is now clear that experience produces multiple, dissociable changes in the brain including increases in dendritic length, increases (or decreases) in spine density, synapse formation, increased glial activity, and altered metabolic activity.
Animal models of neurological deficits: how relevant is the rat?
Rat models of hemiplegia, neglect and tactile extinction are useful in assessing the outcome of ischaemic or traumatic brain injury, and in monitoring the effects of therapeutic interventions.