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Next-generation sequencing reveals novel differentially regulated mRNAs, lncRNAs, miRNAs, sdRNAs and a piRNA in pancreatic cancer
TLDR
A novel lncRNA, sncRNA and mRNA signature of PDAC is reported, which allows for assigning potential functions to differentially regulated RNAs.
Immune Cell and Stromal Signature Associated With Progression-Free Survival of Patients With Resected Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.
TLDR
In an analysis of PDAC tissue microarray specimens, a histologic signature is identified and validated that associates with PFS times of patients with resected PDACs and provides new insights into the immune response to PDAC.
Molecular, morphological and survival analysis of 177 resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs): Identification of prognostic subtypes
TLDR
The data suggest that the number of altered genes, the mutational status of KRAS and certain morphological subtypes correlate with the outcome of patients with PDAC.
IGFBP3 impedes aggressive growth of pediatric liver cancer and is epigenetically silenced in vascular invasive and metastatic tumors
TLDR
This study provides the first direct evidence that the reactivation of IGFBP3 decreases aggressive properties of pediatric liver cancer cells and that IGF BP3 promoter methylation might be used as an indicator for vessel-invasive tumor growth in HB patients.
Intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasms of the bile ducts: clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular analysis of 20 cases
TLDR
It is suggested that biliary intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasms have an indolent behavior and further studies using whole-exome sequencing are required to discover yet unknown molecular changes and to understand the carcinogenesis of intrad ductal tubular adenocarcinoma.
A subset of metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas depends quantitatively on oncogenic Kras/Mek/Erk-induced hyperactive mTOR signalling
TLDR
Analysis of downstream targets demonstrated that oncogenic activity of the Mek/Erk/Tsc/mTOR axis relied on Aldh1a3 function, and provided a mechanistic rationale for effective therapeutic matching for Aldh 1a3-positive PDACs.
Stimulation of Ca2+‐channel Orai1/STIM1 by serum‐and glucocorticoid‐inducible kinase 1 (SGK1)
TLDR
It is shown that Orai1 is regulated by serum‐ and glucocorticoid‐inducible kinase 1 (SGK1), a growth factor‐regulated kinase, a novel key player in the regulation of SOCE.
WNT6 is a novel target gene of caveolin-1 promoting chemoresistance to epirubicin in human gastric cancer cells
TLDR
Results showed that WNT6 and Cav1 are upregulated by chemotherapeutics and enhance the resistance of GC cells to anthracycline drugs.
Quantitative Analysis of Liposomal Heat Shock Protein 70 (Hsp70) in the Blood of Tumor Patients Using a Novel LipHsp70 ELISA
TLDR
The lipHsp70 ELISA provides a highly sensitive and robust method for measuring liposomal and free Hsp70 in serum and plasma and thus could provide a useful tool for tumor detection and for monitoring the clinical outcome of patients.
RSPO2 Enhances Canonical Wnt Signaling to Confer Stemness-Associated Traits to Susceptible Pancreatic Cancer Cells.
TLDR
These studies reveal adaptive aspects of pancreatic cancer stemness arising from driver populations of CSCs that misappropriate functional and responsive elements of archetypical self-renewal pathways, and blocking such stemness-promoting pathways in conjunction with established chemotherapy could provide means to disrupt dynamic CSC process and present novel therapeutic targets and strategies.
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