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Bacteriocins: safe, natural antimicrobials for food preservation.
Bacteriocins are antibacterial proteins produced by bacteria that kill or inhibit the growth of other bacteria. Many lactic acid bacteria (LAB) produce a high diversity of different bacteriocins.Expand
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High-Frequency Transformation, by Electroporation, of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris Grown with Glycine in Osmotically Stabilized Media.
  • H. Holo, I. Nes
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Applied and environmental microbiology
  • 1 December 1989
An efficient method for genetic transformation of lactococci by electroporation is presented. Highly competent lactococci for electrotransformation were obtained by growing cells in media containingExpand
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Biosynthesis of bacteriocins in lactic acid bacteria
SummaryA large number of new bacteriocins in lactic acid bacteria (LAB) has been characterized in recent years. Most of the new bacteriocins belong to the class II bacteriocins which are smallExpand
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A family of bacteriocin ABC transporters carry out proteolytic processing of their substrates concomitant with export
Lantibiotic and non‐lantibiotic bacteriocins are synthesized as precursor peptides containing N‐terminal extensions (leader peptides) which are cleaved off during maturation. Most non‐lantibioticsExpand
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Characterization of the locus responsible for the bacteriocin production in Lactobacillus plantarum C11.
Lactobacillus plantarum C11 secretes a small cationic peptide, plantaricin A, that serves as induction signal for bacteriocin production as well as transcription of plnABCD. The plnABCD operonExpand
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Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide natural products: overview and recommendations for a universal nomenclature.
This review presents recommended nomenclature for the biosynthesis of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs), a rapidly growing class of natural products. TheExpand
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Production of class II bacteriocins by lactic acid bacteria; an example of biological warfare and communication
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) fight competing Gram-positive microorganisms by secreting anti-microbial peptides called bacteriocins. Peptide bacteriocins are usually divided into lantibiotics (class I)Expand
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Enterocins L50A and L50B, two novel bacteriocins from Enterococcus faecium L50, are related to staphylococcal hemolysins.
Enterocin L50 (EntL50), initially referred to as pediocin L50 (L. M. Cintas, J. M. Rodríguez, M. F. Fernández, K. Sletten, I. F. Nes, P. E. Hernández, and H. Holo, Appl. Environ. Microbiol.Expand
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Biochemical and genetic characterization of enterocin P, a novel sec-dependent bacteriocin from Enterococcus faecium P13 with a broad antimicrobial spectrum.
Enterocin P is a new bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus faecium P13 isolated from a Spanish dry-fermented sausage. Enterocin P inhibited most of tested spoilage and food-borne gram-positiveExpand
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Common mechanisms of target cell recognition and immunity for class II bacteriocins
The mechanisms of target cell recognition and producer cell self-protection (immunity) are both important yet poorly understood issues in the biology of peptide bacteriocins. In this report, weExpand
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