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Antibodies to Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Reveal Latent Autoimmune Diabetes Mellitus in Adults With a Non—Insulin-Dependent Onset of Disease
TLDR
In a proportion of adults who present with NIDDM, a slowly evolving autoimmune insulitis can be revealed by testing for anti-GAD, which could have important connotations not only for early intervention, but also for the correct classification of diabetes.
Antigen-induced arthritis in mice. I. Induction of arthritis in various strains of mice.
Antigen-induced arthritis was established in the mouse by immunizaiton with methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA) in complete Freund's adjuvant with B pertusis vaccine. The knee joint was injected
GAD Antibody Negative NIDDM in Adult Black Subjects with Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Increased Frequency of Human Leukocyte Antigen DR3 and DR4: Flatbush Diabetes
TLDR
The objective of this study is to understand the metabolic and immunologic basis of diabetes in adult blacks with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which had a subsequent clinical course of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).
Identification and specificity of a cDNA encoding the 70 kd mitochondrial antigen recognized in primary biliary cirrhosis.
TLDR
The availability of a recombinant form of the 70 kd mitochondrial autoantigen will allow several definitive questions to be addressed in PBC, including identification of B cell epitopes, T cell recognition, and a model of PBC in mice.
NOD.c3c4 congenic mice develop autoimmune biliary disease that serologically and pathogenetically models human primary biliary cirrhosis
TLDR
It is demonstrated that NOD.c3c4 mice congenically derived from the nonobese diabetic strain develop an autoimmune biliary disease (ABD) that models human PBC, and the first ABD (Abd) locus is defined using a congenic mapping approach.
Autoimmune liver serology: current diagnostic and clinical challenges.
TLDR
Liver diagnostic serology is a fast-expanding area of investigation as new purified and recombinant autoantigens, and automated technologies such as ELISAs and bead assays, become available to complement (or even compete) traditional immunofluorescence procedures.
GABA production by glutamic acid decarboxylase is regulated by a dynamic catalytic loop
TLDR
Kinetic studies suggest that mobility in the catalytic loop promotes a side reaction that results in cofactor release and GAD65 autoinactivation, and these data reveal the molecular basis for regulation of GABA homeostasis.
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