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A communal catalogue reveals Earth’s multiscale microbial diversity
TLDR
A meta-analysis of microbial community samples collected by hundreds of researchers for the Earth Microbiome Project is presented, creating both a reference database giving global context to DNA sequence data and a framework for incorporating data from future studies, fostering increasingly complete characterization of Earth’s microbial diversity. Expand
Plasmodium blood parasite found in endangered Galapagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus)
TLDR
Phylogenetic analyses place this parasite, recovered from endangered Galapagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus), within the genus Plas modium, and suggest a close relationship to some of the most dangerous lineages of Plasmodium that have been known to cause severe mortality and morbidity in captive penguin populations. Expand
Multiple lineages of Avian malaria parasites (Plasmodium) in the Galapagos Islands and evidence for arrival via migratory birds.
TLDR
Although this is not confirmation that Bobolinks are responsible for introducing these lineages, evidence points to higher potential arrival rates of avian pathogens than previously thought. Expand
Long-term isolation of a highly mobile seabird on the Galapagos
TLDR
Signs of extensive gene flow are found over most of the range of magnificent frigatebirds, even across the Isthmus of Panama, which is a major barrier to gene flow in other tropical seabirds. Expand
Hippoboscid-transmitted Haemoproteus parasites (Haemosporida) infect Galapagos Pelecaniform birds: evidence from molecular and morphological studies, with a description of Haemoproteus iwa.
TLDR
It is shown that hippoboscid flies warrant more attention as vectors of avian Haemoproteus spp. Expand
Performance of Encounternet Tags: Field Tests of Miniaturized Proximity Loggers for Use on Small Birds
TLDR
Results from field calibration and deployment tests of miniaturized proximity tags (Encounternet), digital transceivers that log encounters between tagged individuals conclude that proximity loggers are accurate and effective for quantifying social behavior. Expand
A New Haemoproteus Species (Haemosporida: Haemoproteidae) from the Endemic Galapagos Dove Zenaida galapagoensis, with Remarks on the Parasite Distribution, Vectors, and Molecular Diagnostics
TLDR
The morphology of its blood stages and segments of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene can be used for molecular identification and diagnosis of this species, which is prevalent in the Galapagos dove and also has been recorded in other species of Columbiformes in Mexico, Guatemala, and Peru, and so seems to be widespread in countries with warm climates. Expand
Three decades of cultural evolution in Savannah sparrow songs
TLDR
Within the Savannah sparrow’s relatively short and simple learned song, cultural evolution appears to be mediated by different mechanisms for different song segments, perhaps because the segments convey different information. Expand
Stress response, gut microbial diversity and sexual signals correlate with social interactions
TLDR
Network analysis revealed that relationships between social interactions, morphology, CORT and gut microbial diversity varied depending on the sexes of the individuals interacting and the spatial scale of interaction proximity. Expand
Philopatry drives genetic differentiation in an island archipelago: comparative population genetics of Galapagos Nazca boobies (Sula granti) and great frigatebirds (Fregata minor)
TLDR
It is shown that Galapagos Nazca booby (Sula granti) populations are substantially differentiated, even within the small geographic scale of this archipelago, while great frigatebird populations do not show any genetic structure. Expand
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