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Parvalbumin, calbindin, or calretinin in cortically projecting and GABAergic, cholinergic, or glutamatergic basal forebrain neurons of the rat
The basal forebrain (BF) plays an important role in modulating cortical activity and facilitating processes of attention, learning, and memory. This role is subserved by cholinergic neurons but alsoExpand
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GABAergic and other noncholinergic basal forebrain neurons, together with cholinergic neurons, project to the mesocortex and isocortex in the rat
The extrathalamic relay from the brainstem reticular formation to the cerebral cortex in the basal forebrain has been thought to be constituted predominantly, if not exclusively, by cholinergicExpand
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Codistribution of GABA‐ with acetylcholine‐synthesizing neurons in the basal forebrain of the rat
In recent years, GABAergic neurons have been identified in the basal forebrain where cholinergic cortically projecting neurons are located and known to be important in mechanisms of corticalExpand
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Stereological estimates of the basal forebrain cell population in the rat, including neurons containing choline acetyltransferase, glutamic acid decarboxylase or phosphate-activated glutaminase and
The basal forebrain (BF) plays an important role in modulating cortical activity and influencing attention, learning and memory. These activities are fulfilled importantly yet not entirely byExpand
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Projections of GABAergic and cholinergic basal forebrain and GABAergic preoptic‐anterior hypothalamic neurons to the posterior lateral hypothalamus of the rat
Within the basal forebrain, γ‐aminobutyric acid (GABA)‐synthesizing neurons are codistributed with acetylcholine‐synthesizing neurons (Gritti et al. [1993] J. Comp. Neurol. 329:438–457), whichExpand
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Pepsinogens: physiology, pharmacology pathophysiology and exercise.
Human gastric mucosa contains aspartic proteinases that can be separated electrophoretically on the basis of their physical properties into two major groups: Pepsinogen I (PGA, PGI); and PepsinogenExpand
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Gabaergic and cholinergic basal forebrain and preoptic-anterior hypothalamic projections to the mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus in the cat
The present study examined projections of GABAergic and cholinergic neurons from the basal forebrain and preoptic-anterior hypothalamus to the "intermediate" part of the mediodorsal nucleus of theExpand
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Short‐latency inhibition of soleus motoneurones by impulses in Ia afferents from the gastrocnemius muscle in humans.
1. The possibility that the Ia afferent fibres from the gastrocnemius medialis muscle could be responsible for a decrease in excitability of the soleus motor pool was investigated. 2. The soleus HExpand
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Recurrent and reciprocal inhibition of the human monosynaptic reflex shows opposite changes following intravenous administration of acetylcarnitine.
A long-latency, long-lasting increase in the recurrent inhibitory effect on the soleus monosynaptic (Hoffmann, H) reflex was induced after intravenous administration of L-acetylcarnitine, a substanceExpand
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Pepsinogens and gastrointestinal symptoms in mountain marathon runners.
Although there are various descriptive reports concerning exercise-induced gastrointestinal distress, the role of gastrointestinal hormones and/or enzymes is not definitively established. In thisExpand
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