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Updated research nosology for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders
In 1991, the AIDS Task Force of the American Academy of Neurology published nomenclature and research case definitions to guide the diagnosis of neurologic manifestations of HIV-1 infection. Now, 16Expand
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HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders persist in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy
Objectives: This is a cross-sectional, observational study to determine the frequency and associated features of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) in a large, diverse sample of infectedExpand
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HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders before and during the era of combination antiretroviral therapy: differences in rates, nature, and predictors
Combination antiretroviral therapy (CART) has greatly reduced medical morbidity and mortality with HIV infection, but high rates of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) continue to beExpand
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Predictive Validity of Global Deficit Scores in Detecting Neuropsychological Impairment in HIV Infection
The current study explored the predictive validity of the Global Deficit Score (GDS) approach in summarizing neuropsychological (NP) test results, and specifically in detecting HIV-associatedExpand
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Validation of the CNS Penetration-Effectiveness rank for quantifying antiretroviral penetration into the central nervous system.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether penetration of a combination regimen into the central nervous system (CNS), as estimated by the CNS Penetration-Effectiveness (CPE) rank, is associated with lowerExpand
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The impact of HIV-associated neuropsychological impairment on everyday functioning
HIV-1 infection can be associated with neuropsychological (NP) deficits ranging from subtle to severe. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional, or “real-world” impact ofExpand
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A Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination; impact of illiteracy in a Shanghai dementia survey.
A dementia screening survey was carried out in Shanghai using a culturally adapted Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination. A probability sample of 5055 community-dwelling elderly inExpand
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The prevalence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in Shanghai, China: Impact of age, gender, and education
We report the prevalence rates for dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) obtained from a probability sample survey of 5,055 noninstitutionalized older persons in Shanghai, China. A two‐stageExpand
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The HNRC 500--neuropsychology of HIV infection at different disease stages. HIV Neurobehavioral Research Center.
The present study examined neuropsychological (NP) functioning and associated medical, neurological, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and psychiatric findings in 389 nondemented males infectedExpand
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Cognitive Neuropsychology of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders
Advances in the treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have dramatically improved survival rates over the past 10 years, but HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain highlyExpand
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