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Whole-genome sequencing reveals untapped genetic potential in Africa’s indigenous cereal crop sorghum
TLDR
These assembled genomes enable the leveraging of existing cereal functional genomics data against the novel diversity available in Sorghum, providing an unmatched resource for the genetic improvement of sorghum and other grass species.
Identification of QTL for sugar-related traits in a sweet × grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) recombinant inbred population
TLDR
As an increase in stem sugars is an important objective in sweet sorghum breeding, the QTL identified in this study could be further investigated for use in marker-assisted selection of sweet Sorghum.
Application of inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers to plant genetics
TLDR
The data indicate that this is not a result of greater polymorphism genetically, but rather technical reasons related to the detection methodology used for ISSR analysis, which usually detects a higher level of polymorphism than that detected with restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) or random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analyses.
The investigation of optimal bombardment parameters for transient and stable transgene expression in Sorghum
TLDR
The development of optimized particle inflow gun (PIG) parameters for producing transgenic sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) parameters were outlined, with molecular evidence confirming integration.
Assessment of genome origins and genetic diversity in the genus Eleusine with DNA markers.
TLDR
Comparison of RFLP, RAPD, and ISSR technologies, in terms of the quantity and quality of data output, indicated that ISSRs are particularly promising for the analysis of plant genome diversity.
An assessment of the genetic relationship between sweet and grain sorghums, within Sorghum bicolor ssp. bicolor (L.) Moench, using AFLP markers
TLDR
Although the clusters obtained did not group clearly on the basis of racial classification, the sweet sorghum lines often cluster with grain sorghums of similar racial origin thus suggesting that sweet sorGHum is of polyphyletic origin within S. bicolor ssp.
The effects of acetosyringone and pH on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation vary according to plant species
TLDR
There was evidence to suggest that acetosyringone may suppress virulence in some strain/plant species interactions, but there was no general effect across plant species.
Comparison of DNA marker technologies in characterizing plant genome diversity : Variability in Chinese sorghums
TLDR
Improved varieties of Chinese sorghums were found to contain more diversity and to be more different from each other than were the Chinese landraces studied, suggesting recent introduction of non-Chinese germplasm into these improved materials.
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) detection of dwarf off-types in micropropagated Cavendish (Musa spp. AAA) bananas
TLDR
A RAPD marker specific to the dwarf off-type (hereafter known as dwarf) from micropropagation of Cavendish banana cultivars New Guinea Cavendish and Williams was identified following an analysis of 57 normal and 59 dwarf plants generated from several different micro Propagation events.
Applications and potential of genome editing in crop improvement
TLDR
The current applications of genome editing in plants are described, focusing on its potential for crop improvement in terms of adaptation, resilience, and end-use, and novel breakthroughs that are extending the potential of genome-edited crops and the possibilities of their commercialization are reviewed.
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