Containing a wealth of figures and exercises, this well-known textbook is ideal for courses on the subject, and will interest beginning graduate students and researchers in physics, computer science, mathematics, and electrical engineering.Expand

It is shown that single quantum bit operations, Bell-basis measurements and certain entangled quantum states such as Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger (GHZ) states are sufficient to construct a universal quantum computer.Expand

Abstract We give an explicit way to experimentally determine the evolution operators which completely describe the dynamics of a quantum-mechanical black box: an arbitrary open quantum system. We… Expand

A simple, parameter-free but predictive model of decoherence effects in the authors' system is presented, which is in principle scalable to systems containing many quantum bits, but such scalability is not implied by the present work.Expand

A dual power and manual hydraulic brake system for a motor vehicle including a fluid pressure operated mechanism for actuating wheel brake shoes or the like, a master cylinder containing a power or… Expand

It is argued that physical intuition can lead to optimal simulation methods by showing that a focus on simple single-qubit rotations elegantly furnishes an optimal algorithm for Hamiltonian simulation, a universal problem that encapsulates all the power of quantum computation.Expand

A new approach to quantum computing is introduced based on the use of multiple-pulse resonance techniques to manipulate the small deviation from equilibrium of the density matrix of a macroscopic ensemble so that it appears to be the density Matrix of a much lower dimensional pure state.Expand