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The risk of causing or reactivating pelvic infection by hysterosalpingography (HSG) was assessed in 118 infertile women. Serological evidence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection was sought before, and 10 days and 4 weeks after HSG, using the single-antigen whole-inclusion immunofluorescence (WIF) test for species-specific antibody and the complement fixation(More)
BACKGROUND Upper genital tract chlamydial infections in women are on the increase, and serology might be a convenient tool for diagnosis. Evaluations of this approach are needed in women with or without microbiologic evidence of organisms in the upper genital tract. GOALS To compare the results of antibody assays with cervical culture and upper genital(More)
BACKGROUND Screening for Chlamydia trachomatis specific antibodies is valuable in diagnosing asymptomatic pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and tubal damage following repeated episodes of PID. The assays in current use are unsuitable for screening large numbers of samples so there is a need to develop more suitable assays. AIMS To compare the performance(More)
Endocervical swabs from 212 women and urethral swabs from 100 men were tested by the routine methods for McCoy cell culture and simultaneously by a novel enzyme amplified immunoassay test to detect chlamydia antigen. Overall correlation of the amplified test with culture was 96.5%. The test proved to be a suitable screening procedure for genital chlamydial(More)
Four fluorescent antibody reagents were evaluated for their suitability for the identification of adenovirus isolates by immunofluorescence. The antibodies used in the reagents consist of monoclonal antibodies against adenovirus type 3 (Ad3), Ad4, Ad8, and adenoviruses of subgroup C (Ad1,2,5,6), serotypes known to occur in outbreaks of disease. Most of the(More)
This study compared the direct visualisation of elementary bodies in urogenital smears by the direct immunofluorescence test with the isolation of Chlamydia trachomatis in McCoy cell cultures treated with cytochalasin B. C trachomatis was isolated from 41 (16.4%) of 250 unselected specimens in McCoy cell cultures treated with cytochalasin B. Of the 41(More)
First-catch early morning urine samples from patients attending a genitourinary medicine clinic were tested by three different enzyme immunoassays. The results suggest significant differences in the sensitivities and specificities of the different assays. The direct visualization of elementary bodies in urine deposits by direct immunofluorescence was used(More)