I Zelenka

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BACKGROUND A thorough understanding of the topographical anatomy of the spinal accessory nerve and the cervical plexus branches is a basic prerequisite for positive results when operating on the neck. OBJECTIVE To give an exact description of the topographical and surgical anatomy of the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) and the trapezius branches of the(More)
Although the middle ear muscles have been described for the first time more than four hundred years ago their role in modulation and transmission of sound is not yet fully understood. Surprisingly very little is known about proprioceptors in these muscles, especially in man, although this seems to be the key to the understanding of their various functions.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine how the spinal accessory nerve and the trapezius branches of the cervical plexus contribute to the innervation of each of the 3 parts of the trapezius muscle. Special emphasis was placed on the nerve supply of the clinically most important descending part of the muscle. DESIGN Anatomical analysis of the distribution of the cervical(More)
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