I. Yu. Severina

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This work deals with study of role of the hairplate and of campaniform sensillae (CS) on legs of the cockroach Periplaneta americana in the system of walking control. Three receptors were shown to induce their regulatory, correctional effect on the rhythm of the cockroach steps depending on the external circumstances. These effects are mainly realized only(More)
The work studies effects of elevated gravitation on activity of locomotor centers in the locust Locusta migratoria L. Under effect of the increased gravity field the excitation of the motor centers that provide activity of the locus wing apparatus was shown to decrease. Analysis of the data obtained has allowed us concluding that the higher CNS centers(More)
The role of central and peripheral mechanisms in control of excitability of segmental centers providing different motor acts in insects of phylogenic close orders, but differing by the level of activity of their locomotor systems has been studied in the locust Locusta migratoria and the cockroach Periplaneta americana. It was shown that the level of(More)
Topographic anatomy of ascending (AN) and descending (DN) neurons of the supraesophageal and thoracic ganglia in the nervous system of winged insects (Pterygota), representatives of the infraclasses Palaeoptera (Odonata, Aeschna grandis, dragonfly) and Neoptera (Blattoptera, Periplaneta americana, cockroach), was studied. These insects differ in ecological(More)
This work studies topography and structure of such important insect external proprioceptors as campaniform sensillae (CS). These mechanoreceptors are essential components of insect posture and locomotion regulation and participate in control of various forms of insect motor behavior (walking, jump, flight). There are traced their quantitative changes as(More)
We report here our studies of the characteristics of the structural-functional organization of the leg apparatus of the dragonfly Aeshna grandis, in larvae of the final instar, whose legs have a locomotor function, and in adult winged individuals (imagoes), whose legs have lost their locomotor function and are used mainly as traps to catch prey in the air.(More)
Effect of static load on activity of motor centers controlling motor activity (walking, flight) was studied in the American cockroach Periplaneta americana L. It has been established that under effect of load on the animal body the relative excitability of these centers increases. A suggestion is put forward about the presence of common neuronal elements in(More)
In electron microscopic study of structural organization of the thoracic ganglion of the locust larva of the 1st age (1–2 days after hatching), the data on the structure of motoneurons of the 1st nerve, basal and motor neuropil of the larva were obtained. The effector elements of the larval locust CNS are formed rather early and have the structural plan(More)
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