I Y Francis Tan

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INTRODUCTION Several risk factors for sudden unexplained death in epilepsy patients (SUDEP) have been proposed, but subsequent work has yielded conflicting data. The relative importance of various risk factors for SUDEP was never explored. The aim of this study is to review systematically risk factors for SUDEP and also to determine their relevance for(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate risk factors for sudden and unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) in a high-risk population, i.e. patients treated in a Dutch tertiary referral center for epilepsy. METHODS All patients who died between January 1999 and April 2004 while under treatment of the epilepsy center were identified. Based on clinical data, deaths were(More)
This study assessed the impact of epilepsy on motor function in children. We aimed to analyze the effect in uncomplicated epilepsies (cryptogenic partial and idiopathic generalized epilepsy). A group of 87 children with epilepsy (47 males, 40 females; mean age 8y, standard deviation [SD] ly 9mo, range 4y 11mo to 12y 11mo), but without learning disability*(More)
BACKGROUND An association between antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), low bone mineral density (BMD), fractures, and abnormalities in bone metabolism has been suggested for a longer period, although conclusive evidence has not been reported. We aimed at studying patient characteristics in a high-risk population. METHODS All adult patients from a residential unit(More)
An increasing number of studies suggest a direct effect of antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy on bone health: Patients on chronic AED therapy may have an increased risk of fractures, reduced bone mineral density, osteopenia, and osteoporosis. In an attempt to distinguish general and specific risk factors, this review examines the available empirical research.(More)
Epilepsy occurs at a higher incidence and is more prevalent in people with an intellectual disability than in the general population. Nonetheless, we have insufficient knowledge of the extra needs of people with epilepsy and intellectual disability, of their families, and of the living environment. The lack of information about specific needs of the living(More)
Epilepsy is a neurological condition that is particularly common in people with intellectual disability (ID). The care for people with both epilepsy and ID is often complicated by the presence of neuropsychiatric disorders, defined as psychiatric symptoms, psychiatric disorders, and behavioral problems. The aim of this study was to investigate associations(More)
The incidence of cervical spinal cord injuries (c-SCI) in patients with refractory epilepsy is 30-40 times higher than in the normal population. The injuries occur after seizure-related falls. Risk factors and pitfalls in diagnosis are discussed. Awareness of the risk within this population of developing c-SCI should receive more widely recognition,(More)
BACKGROUND Children with epilepsy and intellectual disability have an increased risk of vitamin D deficiency. In this patient group, it is neither clear which factors are associated with the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D nor what the therapeutic results are when Dutch guidelines are followed. METHODS This retrospective study included 30 patients who, in(More)
We studied a population with intellectual disability (ID) and epilepsy and analyzed aspects of the living environment. Using an epilepsy impact score (EPIEK, the Epilepsy Impact Scale Kempenhaeghe), we found that epilepsy is more severe in younger persons than in older persons until about age 60 years. Individuals with more adaptive behavior had less severe(More)