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Myosin-binding protein-C (MyBP-C) is an accessory protein of the myosin filaments of vertebrate striated muscle. In the heart, it plays a key role in modulating contractility in response to β-adrenergic stimulation. Mutations in the cardiac isoform (cMyBP-C) are a leading cause of inherited hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Understanding cMyBP-C function and its(More)
Oligodendrocytes are vulnerable to excitotoxic signals mediated by AMPA receptors and by high- and low-affinity kainate receptors. Here we investigated the nature of the cell death triggered by activation of these receptors in primary cultures of oligodendrocytes from the rat optic nerve. Activation of AMPA receptors at both submaximal and maximal(More)
Oligodendrocyte death and demyelination are hallmarks of multiple sclerosis (MS). Here we show that ATP signaling can trigger oligodendrocyte excitotoxicity via activation of calcium-permeable P2X(7) purinergic receptors expressed by these cells. Sustained activation of P2X(7) receptors in vivo causes lesions that are reminiscent of the major features of MS(More)
Glutamate excitotoxicity and complement attack have both been implicated separately in the generation of tissue damage in multiple sclerosis and in its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Here, we investigated whether glutamate receptor activation sensitizes oligodendrocytes to complement attack. We found that a brief incubation with(More)
Oligodendrocyte death and demyelination are hallmarks of multiple sclerosis (MS). Here we show that ATP signaling can trigger oligo-dendrocyte excitotoxicity via activation of calcium-permeable P2X 7 purinergic receptors expressed by these cells. Sustained activation of P2X 7 receptors in vivo causes lesions that are reminiscent of the major features of MS(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) affects 7-10% of pregnancies and is associated with cardiovascular remodeling and dysfunction, which persists into adulthood. The underlying subcellular remodeling and cardiovascular programming events are still poorly documented. Cardiac muscle is central in the fetal adaptive mechanism to IUGR given its high(More)
The influence of age, postmortem delay and freezing storage period on receptor-mediated G-protein activity was quantified in cortical membranes from 34 healthy subjects. Concentration-response curves of the [(35)S]GTPgammaS binding stimulation by agonists for alpha(2)-adrenoceptors (UK14304), mu-opioid (DAMGO), 5-HT(1A) (8-OH-DPAT), GABA(B) (baclofen) and(More)
BACKGROUND Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) induces fetal cardiac remodelling and dysfunction, which persists postnatally and may explain the link between low birth weight and increased cardiovascular mortality in adulthood. However, the cellular and molecular bases for these changes are still not well understood. We tested the hypothesis that IUGR is(More)
Myocardial remodeling in response to chronic myocardial infarction (CMI) progresses through two phases, hypertrophic "compensation" and congestive "decompensation." Nothing is known about the ability of uninfarcted myocardium to produce force, velocity, and power during these clinical phases, even though adaptation in these regions likely drives progression(More)