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BACKGROUND CO(2) inhalation reduces central sleep apnea (CSA) in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and idiopathic CSA. CO(2) is also a stimulus for cortical arousal, which has been linked to increased sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and increased mortality in CHF patients with CSA. OBJECTIVE We have tested the hypothesis that during sleep,(More)
Central Sleep Apnoea (CSA) occurs commonly in heart failure. Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) and deadspace (DS) have been shown in research settings to reverse CSA. The likely mechanism for this is the increase of PaCO(2) above the apnoeic threshold. However the role of increasing FiCO(2) on arousability remains unclear. To compare the effects of ASV and(More)
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