I. Swart

Learn More
Oriented attachment of synthetic semiconductor nanocrystals is emerging as a route for obtaining new semiconductors that can have Dirac-type electronic bands such as graphene, but also strong spin-orbit coupling. The two-dimensional (2D) assembly geometry will require both atomic coherence and long-range periodicity of the superlattices. We show how the(More)
Graphene nanostructures, where quantum confinement opens an energy gap in the band structure, hold promise for future electronic devices. To realize the full potential of these materials, atomic-scale control over the contacts to graphene and the graphene nanostructure forming the active part of the device is required. The contacts should have a high(More)
Noncontact atomic force microscopy (AFM) has recently progressed tremendously in achieving atomic resolution imaging through the use of small oscillation amplitudes and well-defined modification of the tip apex. In particular, it has been shown that picking up simple inorganic molecules (such as CO) by the AFM tip leads to a well-defined tip apex and to(More)
Metal-organic complexes were formed by means of inelastic excitations in a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The electronic structure of the complex was characterized using STM imaging and spectroscopy. By exploiting the symmetry of the complex, its electronic structure can be rationalized from linear combinations of molecular orbitals. The actual(More)
The modern chemical industry uses heterogeneous catalysts in almost every production process. They commonly consist of nanometre-size active components (typically metals or metal oxides) dispersed on a high-surface-area solid support, with performance depending on the catalysts' nanometre-size features and on interactions involving the active components,(More)
Frequency modulation atomic force microscopy (AFM) allows the chemical structure of planar molecules to be determined with atomic resolution. Typically, these measurements are carried out in constant-height mode using carbon monoxide (CO) terminated tips. Such tips exhibit considerable flexibility, i.e., the CO molecule can bend laterally due to the(More)
Intermolecular features in atomic force microscopy images of organic molecules have been ascribed to intermolecular bonds. A recent theoretical study [P. Hapala et al., Phys. Rev. B 90, 085421 (2014)] showed that these features can also be explained by the flexibility of molecule-terminated tips. We probe this effect by carrying out atomic force microscopy(More)
Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals become increasingly important in materials science and technology, due to their optoelectronic properties that are tunable by size. The measurement and understanding of their energy levels is key to scientific and technological progress. Here we review how the confined electronic orbitals and related energy levels of(More)
It is well known that scanning probe techniques such as scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) routinely offer atomic scale information on the geometric and the electronic structure of solids. Recent developments in STM and especially in non-contact AFM have allowed imaging and spectroscopy of individual molecules on surfaces(More)