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The hippocampus is hypothesised to be critical for episodic memory in humans and episodic-like memory in animals. Human data regarding the roles of the various subregional networks within the hippocampus is difficult to obtain. In this article we examine the current rodent literature on episodic-like memory and associative recognition and review the roles(More)
The incidence and intensity of bacteremia following tooth extraction in children were measured by blood culture. The effects on bacteremia of the number and type of teeth extracted, oral hygiene, gingival health, presence of abscess, and antibiotic prophylaxis were assessed. Antibiotic prophylaxis reduced the incidence of bacteremia from 63% to 35%. The(More)
The epithelial tight junction forms a barrier to paracellular solute movement. In this study we show that the heterotrimeric G-protein Galpha13 regulates the epithelial tight junction barrier. We generated MDCKII kidney epithelial cell lines in which the expression of an active Galpha13 mutant (Galpha13Q226L) could be induced. We demonstrated that(More)
BACKGROUND Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) maintain human colonic function and may help prevent colonic disease. A study with ileostomists showed that starches acylated with specific SCFAs largely survive passage through the small intestine, but the percentage released in the colon has not been established. OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine the(More)
An analysis was undertaken of the evening, weekend and public-holiday emergency dental service provided at the Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children during one calender year (1987). Dental emergencies accounted for 4% of all attendances during these periods at the Accident & Emergency Department. Toothache, with or without abscess, was the most frequent(More)
The purpose of this paper is to report the occurrence of odontogenic keratocysts in a young child. Odontogenic keratocysts are one of the principal features of nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. Their occurrence in this syndrome is usually during the second or third decades of life. This report describes the occurrence of odontogenic keratocysts in a(More)
Importance The human patient simulators that are currently used in multidisciplinary operating room team training scenarios cannot simulate surgical tasks because they lack a realistic surgical anatomy. Thus, they eliminate the surgeon's primary task in the operating room. The surgical trainee is presented with a significant barrier when he or she attempts(More)