Learn More
A novel amino acid, di-isodityrosine, has been isolated from hydrolysates of cell walls of tomato cell culture. Analysis by UV spectrometry, partial derivatization with 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene and mass and NMR spectrometry show that the compound is composed to two molecules of isodityrosine, joined by a biphenyl linkage. The possible reactions involved in(More)
An oxidatively coupled trimer of tyrosine has been isolated from hydrolysates of primary cell walls of a tomato cell culture. UV-absorption, fluorescence and 1H NMR spectra showed that the trimer was pulcherosine, composed of isodityrosine and tyrosine oxidatively coupled via a biphenyl linkage such that the aromatic core is(More)
Driselase-digestion of cell walls from suspension-cultures of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), followed by anion-exchange chromatography, gel-permeation chromatography, preparative paper chromatography and preparative paper electrophoresis, yielded ten uronic acid-containing products in addition to free galacturonic acid (GalA). These included(More)
AIM To identify plasma metabolites used as biomarkers in order to distinguish cirrhotics from controls and encephalopathics. METHODS A clinical study involving stable cirrhotic patients with and without overt hepatic encephalopathy was designed. A control group of healthy volunteers was used. Plasma from those patients was analysed using (1)H - nuclear(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS During evolution, plants have acquired and/or lost diverse sugar residues as cell-wall constituents. Of particular interest are primordial cell-wall features that existed, and in some cases abruptly changed, during the momentous step whereby land-plants arose from charophytic algal ancestors. METHODS Polysaccharides were extracted from(More)
BACKGROUND Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is associated with major metabolic disturbances, the onset and severity of which can predict clinical outcome. This study uses admission blood samples to identify early biochemical markers of clinical outcome in patients with non-paracetamol-induced FHF. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-nine patients admitted to the(More)
The application of 600 MHz two-dimensional J-resolved 1H NMR spectroscopy (JRES) to the analysis of human urine and blood plasma is demonstrated. This method when applied at very high field gives a rapid means of simplifying and aiding the assignment of highly overlapped resonances of minor metabolites in biofluids. Using this approach, mixtures of drug and(More)
The high aspect ratio vessel allows the culture of primary porcine hepatocytes in an environment of low shear stress and simulated microgravity. Primary porcine hepatocytes have been difficult to maintain in culture long term while preserving their metabolic functions. This study was carried out in order to characterise key metabolic functions of cell(More)
Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes express pyrogenic toxin superantigens (PTSAgs) that are associated with toxic shock syndrome (TSS) and staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP). Most PTSAgs cause TSS in deep-tissue infections, whereas only TSS toxin 1 (TSST-1) is associated with menstrual, vaginal TSS. In contrast, SFP has been linked only with(More)
The amino acid leucine is efficiently used by the trypanosomatid Leishmania mexicana for sterol biosynthesis. The incubation of [2-(13)C]leucine with L. mexicana promastigotes in the presence of ketoconazole gave 14alpha-methylergosta-8,24(24(1))-3beta-ol as the major sterol, which was shown by mass spectrometry to contain up to six atoms of (13)C per(More)