I S Gabashvili

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Variations in the inner ribosomal landscape determining the topology of nascent protein transport have been studied by three-dimensional cryo-electron microscopy of erythromycin-resistant Escherichia coli 70S ribosomes. Significant differences in the mouth of the 50S subunit tunnel system visualized in the present study support a simple steric-hindrance(More)
Cryo-electron microscopy of the ribosome in different binding states with mRNA and tRNA helps unravel the different steps of protein synthesis. Using over 29,000 projections of a ribosome complex in single-particle form, a three-dimensional map of the Escherichia coli 70 S ribosome was obtained in which a single site, the P site, is occupied by(More)
A three-dimensional reconstruction of the 30 S subunit of the Escherichia coli ribosome was obtained at 23 A resolution. Because of the improved resolution, many more structural details are seen as compared to those obtained in earlier studies. Thus, the new structure is more suitable for comparison with the 30 S subunit part of the 70 S ribosome, whose(More)
The ribosome undergoes pronounced periodic conformational changes during protein synthesis. Of particular importance are those occurring around the decoding site, the region of the 16 S rRNA interacting with the mRNA-(tRNA)(2) complex. We have incorporated structural information from X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance into cryo-electron(More)
Dynamic changes in secondary structure of the 16S rRNA during the decoding of mRNA are visualized by three-dimensional cryo-electron microscopy of the 70S ribosome. Thermodynamically unstable base pairing of the 912-910 (CUC) nucleotides of the 16S RNA with two adjacent complementary regions at nucleotides 885-887 (GGG) and 888-890 (GAG) was stabilized in(More)
The dynamics of dsDNA release process from a phage head has been analyzed theoretically. The process was considered as dsDNA reptation through the phage tail. The driving force is assumed to be the decrease of the DNA globule free energy on its releasing from the head in the surrounding medium. The results of the equilibrium theory on an intraphage DNA(More)
UV-B radiation of 280 nm wavelength (UV280) and low intensity (2.0 W/m2) gives rise to an important oxygen evolution (OE) loss in photosystem II (PSII) particles isolated from the thylakoid membrane of plant chloroplasts on the one hand, and to structural changes, or transitions, in the proteins of the PSII complex on the other hand. The latter UV280 effect(More)
The kinetics of reptation process of dsDNA leaving the phage head is analysed theoretically. It is assumed that the process is caused by DNA free energy decrease when it is leaving the head (DNA has to be in a globular state) for its surroundings where it is transformed into a coil state. For the analysis we have used the results of previous paper on(More)
For viruses made of nucleic acid and protein, the structure of the protein outer shell has, in the past, been found to be uniquely determined by the viral genome. However, here, non-denaturing agarose gel electrophoresis of bacteriophage T7 reveals two states of the mature T7 capsid; the conditions of growth are found to alter the population by T7 of these(More)