I. S. AlShawi

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Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are used in many applications to gather sensitive information which is then forwarded to an analysis center. Resource limitations have to be taken into account when designing a WSN infrastructure. Unbalanced energy consumption is an inherent problem in WSNs, characterized by multihop routing and a many-to-one traffic pattern.(More)
Gossip routing protocol for distributed computation in WSNs is attractive due to its simplicity, distributed nature, and robustness in noisy and uncertain environments. However, using a traditional randomized gossip protocol can lead to a significant waste of energy due to repeatedly recirculation redundant information. This paper proposes an(More)
Energy consumption is the critical issue to determine the lifetime of Wireless sensor networks (WSNs), due to limited batteries power resource of sensor nodes. The optimization of energy consumption is involves reduction of energy consumption in order to prolong the lifetime of the network as much as possible. However, to minimize the overall energy(More)
Since sensors have limited power resources, energy consumption has become a critical challenge to Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Most of the routing protocols proposed to transmit data packets through paths which consume low energy aim simply to reduce battery power consumption. This can lead to lead to network partition and reduce network(More)
MANET are usually characterized by limited resources such as bandwidth, battery power, storage space and node mobility. The underlying assumption is that the intermediate nodes cooperate in forwarding packets. Due to lack of infrastructure, the network can be easily affected by several attacks. The security challenges in MANET have become a primary concern(More)
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