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Environmental sampling is an important supplemental method for poliovirus surveillance in polio-free countries. Vaccine-derived polio viruses (VDPV), defined as Sabin vaccine viruses that show greater than 1% drift within the VP1 region of the genome, represent a major challenge to the eradication of polio [1]. VDPVs may acquire the neurovirulence and,(More)
STUDY AIM To clarify the source of infection with the exotic serovar Salmonella Urbana and the route of transmission in a 2-year-old child. MATERIAL AND METHODS To identify the source of infection and the route of transmission, we used epidemiological investigation of the case of salmonellosis and microbiological methods for the detection of Salmonella(More)
Results From 8397 patients included in the survey, HAI occurred in 298 (3,5 %; 2,7 % 4,6 %) patients. The highest prevalence of HAI was found on the intensive care units (12,4 %). The most common types of HAI were urinary tract infections (26,2%), pneumonia and other lower respiratory tract infections (22,0 %), surgical site infections (15,7 %), bloodstream(More)
AIM The aim of this survey was to estimate the prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) in the Slovak Republic (SR), distribution of causative pathogens, and risk factors. METHODS The point prevalence survey (PPS) of HAI in the SR was carried out in 40 acute care hospitals, according to a standardized methodology developed by the European(More)
From the second semester of 2002 to the end of the first semester of 2005, a total of 2544 bacterial strains were isolated from the blood stream of patients with clinical sepsis and bacteremia hospitalized in six University Hospitals in the Slovak Republic. Almost 30% of strains were coagulase-negative staphylococci (CONS), about 14% were Staphylococcus(More)
INTRODUCTION Volvulus of the gallbladder is one of very rare diseases ranked among acute abdomen conditions. Only case reports are described in the literature. The disease presents with acute biliary ailments, often reminiscent of acute cholecystitis. It is more common in frail elderly women and its preoperative diagnosis is very difficult, and therefore(More)
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