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Lipid profiles were determined by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) after direct application of 0.5 microliter plasma from capillary blood to the silica-gel layer. Coefficients of variation for the fluorescence measurements were 2.1% for phosphatidylcholine. The recovery of known amounts of lipid was 96--100%. A linear relationship between(More)
A method is described for sequential separation of high density, very low density, and low density lipoproteins (HDL, VLDL, and LDL, respectively) from 100 microliters of serum, using an air-driven ultracentrifuge (Airfuge, Beckman). Cesium chloride was used for density adjustment. Precision-within-series (coefficient or variation) depended on the(More)
The concentrations of various clinical-chemical substances in the capillary and venous blood serum of apparently healthy adults (20-30 yr) were examined in the fasting state. Total protein, bilirubin, calcium, sodium and chloride concentrations were significantly lower (less than or equal to 5%) in capillary than in venous serum. In non-hemolytic capillary(More)
An enzymatic technique for cholesterol analysis in serum was applied to human bile. The analytical yield was very satisfactory in experiments in which known amounts of cholesterol were added to untreated, as well as Millipore-filtered, samples of human bile. The analytical results of the enzymatic test agreed closely with those of a method utilizing the(More)
In patients with severe genetic hypercholesterolemia, therapeutic reduction of elevated serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol should begin in early childhood to lower the risks of cardiovascular disease later in life. We evaluated the effects of outpatient therapy with diet alone and with combined diet and drug therapy in children and adolescents with(More)
The use of high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) with citrovorum factor rescue (CFR) has considerably improved the prognosis of some pediatric malignancies. Massive doses of methotrexate (mtx) may lead to severe or even lethal toxicity. Safe administration of this regimen requires a wide pattern of laboratory tests as well as clinical supervision. One hundred and(More)
Parameters related to the risk of atherogenesis in adults were investigated in kindergarten children living in an industrial city. Height, weight and blood pressure were measured and capillary blood obtained. This study is a field test of methods for the analysis of 11 metabolic variables in capillary serum [glucose (GLUC), uric acid (UA), total, free and(More)
The concentrations of lipids and lipoproteins measured in capillary blood serum taken from young adults were significantly lower than in venous blood, although they correlated satisfactorily. These differences may reflect differences in the morphological and hemodynamic conditions existing either in large veins or in the peripheral circulatory system. It(More)
  • I R Kupke
  • Journal of clinical chemistry and clinical…
  • 1976
A new method for the quantitative determination of the cholesterol content of serum lipoprotein is described. Electrophoresis of the serum lipoproteins on agarose gel is followed by the enzymatic determination of the lipoprotein cholesterol. The cholesterol is released from the agarose pieces containing the lipoproteins by dissolving the agarose with HCl.(More)