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The mesocorticolimbic dopamine system is essential for cognitive and emotive brain functions and is thus an important target in major brain diseases like schizophrenia, drug addiction, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, the cellular basis for the diversity in behavioral functions and associated dopamine-release pattern within the(More)
The immune response to HIV-1 in patients who carry human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27 is characterized by an immunodominant response to an epitope in p24 gag (amino acids 263-272, KRWIILGLNK). Substitution of lysine (K) or glycine (G) for arginine (R) at HIV-1 gag residue 264 (R264K and R264G) results in epitopes that bind to HLA-B27(More)
Continuity of care is considered by patients and clinicians as an essential feature of good quality care in long-term disorders, yet there is general agreement that it is a complex concept and the lack of clarity in its conceptualisation and operationalisation has been linked to a deficit of user involvement. In this paper we utilise the concept of the(More)
Sex is clearly important in unipolar mood disorder with compelling evidence that depression is approximately twice as common in women than in men. In the case of bipolar disorder, however, it is widely perceived that the reported equal rate of illness in men and women reflects no important gender distinctions. In this paper we review the literature on(More)
BACKGROUND Dignity has become a central concern in UK health policy in relation to older and vulnerable people. The empirical and theoretical literature relating to dignity is extensive and as likely to confound and confuse as to clarify the meaning of dignity for nurses in practice. The aim of this paper is critically to examine the literature and to(More)
Cystatin C has been proposed as an endogenous marker for measuring glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and is regarded as being equivalent to or better than creatinine. However, there are no published data on the production rate (Cys(pr)) or on the non-renal clearance of cystatin C (CL(nr)) in humans, which are essential parameters for GFR calculation. GFR was(More)
Greater patient involvement has become a key goal of health care provision. This study explored the way in which general practitioners (GPs) in the UK manage the dual responsibilities of treating individual patients and making the most equitable use of National Health Service (NHS) resources in the context of the policy of greater patient involvement in(More)
Improvements in health and longevity in countries such as the UK and USA have radically destabilised notions of ageing and old age. From the 19th century onwards the idea of a natural lifecourse following normatively understood stages ending in infirmity and death has been challenged by social and bio-medical developments. Breakthroughs in bio-gerontology(More)
Prevention of sexually transmitted HIV infection was investigated in macaques by immunization with a recombinant SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus) envelope gp120 and core p27 vaccine. In two independent series of experiments, we used the novel targeted iliac lymph node (TILN) route of immunization, aiming close to the iliac lymph nodes draining the(More)
BACKGROUND The improvement of general practitioner (GP) availability has been suggested as a factor influencing the rise in attendance rates at accident and emergency departments (AEDs) in the United Kingdom, particularly in innercity areas. However, previous studies suggest that only 3-6% of patients attempt to contact their GP before attending the AED,(More)