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Lactating goats were given a close arterial infusion of [1-14C]leucine and [4,5-3H]4-methyl-2-oxopentanoic acid into one half of the mammary gland at 2-3 weeks and 34-39 weeks after kidding. Rates of protein synthesis, degradation and net output were determined from measurements of arteriovenous difference and blood flow using a model of leucine metabolism(More)
1. Changes in mammary function and plasma hormone concentrations during late pregnancy and the onset of lactation have been studied in conscious goats.2. Mammary blood flow, oxygen consumption and glucose uptake increased markedly and significantly between 2 days and 0.5-1 day pre-partum.3. The increase in mammary glucose uptake was relatively greater than(More)
Lactating goats were given relaxin (50 micrograms) by close-arterial infusion into one mammary gland. The increase in intramammary pressure and in mammary blood flow elicited by exogenous oxytocin i.v. was attenuated by relaxin in goats during pregnancy and early lactation but not in a group studied during the oestrous cycle. Intramammary pressure in both(More)
The close-arterial infusion of free insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I; 1.1 nmol/min) for 6 h into the pudic artery supplying one mammary gland of lactating goats caused a 25 +/- 6% (mean +/- S.E.M., n = 6) increase in the rate of milk secretion of that gland. The increase in the rate of milk secretion in the adjacent noninfused gland (14 +/- 4%) was not(More)
Changes in mammary blood flow, arterial and venous plasma concentrations of glucose and individual amino acids, udder volume, and milk yield and composition were measured at intervals throughout lactation in four Friesland ewes. Milk yields peaked 50-80 d post partum and declined by 40% within 3 months. Neither mammary blood flow (43.3 +/- 5.8 (s.e.m.)(More)
1. The volume of the udder and the composition of the secretion have been followed in five goats through pregnancy to the onset of lactation. 2. During the middle of pregnancy udder volume was minimal and there was little or no fluid in the teats. 3. Two stages of commencing secretory activity (lactogenesis) were defined. In the first, starting up to ten(More)
1. The changes in mammary function following cessation of milking during declining lactation have been studied in conscious goats. 2. No significant changes in the rate of milk secretion, mammary blood flow or metabolism occurred in the first 24 h after cessation of milking. After then, secretory rate, mammary blood flow, oxygen consumption, glucose uptake(More)
[3H]Prostaglandin F-2 alpha (PGF-2 alpha) was infused into a uterine lymphatic vessel or a uterine vein for up to 1 h, or injected into the uterine lumen of anaesthetized non-pregnant sheep 7-15 days after oestrus. After an intraluminal injection, labelled PGF-2 alpha was recovered in uterine lymph and peak radioactivity was reached 50 min after injection.(More)