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The SIN3 gene (also known as SDI1) is a negative regulator of the yeast HO gene. Mutations in SIN3 suppress the requirement for the SWI5 activator for expression of the yeast HO gene and change the normal asymmetric pattern of HO expression in mother and daughter cells. Furthermore, the in vitro DNA-binding activity of several DNA-binding proteins is(More)
BACKGROUND Primary epithelial lung malignancies are rare in childhood and adolescence. We reviewed the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center experience with these tumors to better understand their histology, time to diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. PROCEDURE A retrospective review was performed on all patients 21 years of age or younger at diagnosis,(More)
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the thyroid is seldom performed in the pediatric population. Therefore, the clinical utility of thyroid FNA in this patient group has not been adequately addressed. A 15 yr retrospective review of the cytopathology archives at the participating institutions was performed to identify cases of thyroid FNA performed in pediatric(More)
Transcription of the yeast HO gene requires five genes, SWI 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. We present evidence that some SWI products activate HO by antagonizing negative regulatory activities encoded by the SIN genes. sin- mutants (defining six genes) were identified because they express HO in the absence of particular SWI products. We argue that SWI5 activates HO by(More)
Aluminium salts do not themselves stimulate peroxidation of ox-brain phospholipid liposomes, but they greatly accelerate the peroxidation induced by iron(II) salts at acidic pH values. This effect of Al(III) is not seen at pH 7.4, perhaps because Al(III) salts form insoluble complexes at this pH in aqueous solution. Peroxidation of liposomes in the presence(More)
We have recently cloned and characterized a unique sodium bicarbonate cotransporter, NBC3, which unlike other members of the NBC family, is ethylisopropylamiloride (EIPA) inhibitable, DIDS insensitive, and electroneutral (A. Pushkin, N. Abuladze, I. Lee, D. Newman, J. Hwang, and I. Kurtz. J. Biol. Chem. 274: 16569-16575, 1999). In the present study, a(More)
In the male reproductive tract, the epididymis plays an important role in mediating transepithelial bicarbonate transport and luminal acidification. In the proximal vas deferens, a significant component of luminal acidification is Na+-independent, and mediated by specific cells that possess apical vacuolar proton pumps. In contrast, luminal acidification in(More)
Eukaryotic genomes contain transcriptional regulatory elements that alter promoter activity through long-range interactions. Many control elements show a broad range of promoter interactions, suggesting that these elements are capable of inappropriate transcription. The identification of a novel class of directing regulatory elements, called insulators, has(More)