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Electrical contacts between nanoengineered systems are expected to constitute the basic building blocks of future nanoscale electronics. However, the accurate characterization and understanding of electrical contacts at the nanoscale is an experimentally challenging task. Here, we employ low-temperature scanning tunneling spectroscopy to investigate the(More)
The energy gap Delta of superconducting Pb islands grown on Si(111) was probed in situ between 5 and 60 monolayers by low-temperature scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Delta was found to decrease from its bulk value as a function of inverse island thickness. Corresponding T_{c} values, estimated using bulk gap-to-T_{c} ratio, are in quantitative agreement(More)
All-trans-retinoic acid (ReA), a closed-shell organic molecule comprising only C, H, and O atoms, is investigated on a Au(111) substrate using scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. In dense arrays single ReA molecules are switched to a number of states, three of which carry a localized spin as evidenced by conductance spectroscopy in high magnetic(More)
An electrospray apparatus for deposition of organic molecules on surfaces in ultrahigh vacuum is presented. The kinetic energy at the impact and mass to charge ratio of deposited ions can be controlled by an electrostatic quadrupole deflector and an in-line quadrupole mass spectrometer. With an ion funnel in the first two vacuum stages a high ion(More)
1 Faculté des Sciences de Base, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Institut de Physique de la Matière Condensée, Lausanne, Switzerland 2 Key Laboratory for Physics and Chemistry of Nanodevices and Department of Electronics, Peking University, Beijing, China 3 Institut des Nanosciences de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie and CNRS-UMR 7588,(More)
Air-unstable magnetic aluminum phthalocyanine (AlPc) molecules are prepared by an on-surface metalation reaction of phthalocyanine with aluminum (Al) atoms on Au(111) in ultrahigh vacuum. Experiments and density functional theory calculations show that an unpaired spin is located on the conjugated isoindole lobes of the molecule rather than at the Al(More)
Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), scanning tunneling spectroscopy and dI/dV mapping techniques have been applied to study double-decker DyPc₂ molecules on Pb(111) films grown on silicon wafers. The DyPc₂ molecules firstly self-assemble into a monolayer where two neighbouring molecules form an azimuthal angle of 6°. Scattered DyPc₂(More)
This thesis reports measurements concerning quantum size effects of single crystalline metallic islands by using low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS). Different sample systems are presented in the following chapters. In chapter 2, several aspects of quantum well states (QWS) of Pb ultrathin islands grown on Si(111)(More)
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