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Craniometaphyseal dysplasia (CMD) is a rare genetic disorder with hyperostosis of craniofacial bones and widened metaphyses in long bones. Patients often suffer from neurological symptoms due to obstruction of cranial foramina. No proven treatment is available and the pathophysiology is largely unknown. A Phe377 (TTC(1130-1132)) deletion in exon 9 of the(More)
Calmodulin (CaM), belonging to the tropinin C (TnC) superfamily, is one of the calcium-binding proteins that are highly conserved in their protein and gene structure. Based on the structure comparison among published vertebrate and invertebrate CaM, it is proposed that the ancestral form of eumetazoan CaM genes should have five exons and four introns(More)
Craniometaphyseal dysplasia (CMD) is a monogenic human disorder characterized by thickening of craniofacial bones and flaring metaphyses of long bones. Mutations for autosomal dominant CMD have been identified in the progressive ankylosis gene ANKH. Previous studies of Ank loss-of-function models, Ank(null/null) and Ank(ank/ank) mice, suggest that Ank plays(More)
Craniometaphyseal dysplasia (CMD) is a rare sclerosing skeletal disorder with progressive hyperostosis of craniofacial bones. CMD can be inherited in an autosomal dominant (AD) trait or occur after de novo mutations in the pyrophosphate transporter ANKH. Although the autosomal recessive (AR) form of CMD had been mapped to 6q21-22 the mutation has been(More)
Cherubism is an autosomal dominant disorder in children characterized by unwarranted symmetrical bone resorption of the jaws with fibrous tissue deposition. Mutations causing cherubism have been identified in the adaptor protein SH3BP2. Knock-in mice with a Pro416Arg mutation in Sh3bp2 exhibit a generalized osteoporotic bone phenotype. In this study, we(More)
Oculofaciocardiodental syndrome is a rare genetic disorder affecting ocular, facial, dental, and cardiac systems. The clinical diagnosis of oculofaciocardiodental syndrome can be challenging due to a wide variety of symptoms. Oculofaciocardiodental syndrome is found only in females due to its X-linked inheritance pattern and embryonic lethality for males.(More)
Mammalian somatic cells can be directly reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by introducing defined sets of transcription factors. Somatic cell reprogramming involves epigenomic reconfiguration, conferring iPSCs with characteristics similar to embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Human ESCs (hESCs) contain 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), which(More)
The prognosis for endodontic treatment in teeth exhibiting a complex anatomy is unfavorable if clinicians fail to recognize extra root canals. This case demonstrates the presence of a second canal in the disto-buccal root of a maxillary right first molar. Conventional retreatment followed by endodontic surgery was performed and a 1-year postoperative(More)
Many species have elaborate and complex coloration and patterning, which often differ between the sexes. Sexual selection may increase the size or intensity of color patches (elaboration) in one sex or drive the evolution of novel signal elements (innovation). The latter potentially increases color pattern complexity. Color pattern complexity may also be(More)
An 8-yr-old, male brush-tailed porcupine (Atherurus macrourus) presented for necropsy examination in good nutritional status. It had received treatment for Strongylus spp. infection 1 yr earlier, and it had a short episode of diarrhea 2 days before death. Postmortem examination revealed disseminated, variably discrete, soft to firm, white-gray nodules over(More)