I P Bleeker

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Amylose was methylated with CH3I in alkaline aqueous suspension, yielding methylated amylose (MeAl) with a degree of substitution of 1.44 (s < 0.01). Determination of the monomer composition showed that HO-6 and HO-2 were highly substituted in contrast to HO-3 (7:2:5.5, HO-2:HO-3:HO-6). By using partial acid hydrolysis, oligomers were prepared that varied(More)
Granular 2-nitropropyl potato starch was synthesized by reaction with 2-nitropropyl acetate in an aqueous suspension. Nitroalkylation occurs preferentially with the amylose fraction of potato starch, as was confirmed by leaching experiments and digestion of the modified starch with alpha-amylase. The 2-nitropropyl substituent is a mixture of the nitroalkane(More)
Granular starch was cross-linked with 1,3-di-O-acetyl-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (1), 1,3-di-O-pivaloyl-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (2), 2-nitro-3-O-pivaloyl-1-propene-3-ol (3), 1,3-di-O-acetyl-aci-2-nitro-1, 3-propanediol (4), 1,3-di-O-pivaloyl-aci-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (5) and 1,6-di-O-acetyl-2,5-dinitro-1,6-hexanediol (6). The bifunctional precursors for the(More)
Granular potato starch and amylopectin potato starch were methylated to molar substitutions (MS) up to 0.29. Extensive alpha-amylase digestion gave mixtures of partially methylated oligomers. Precipitation of larger fragments by methanol yielded mainly alpha-limit dextrins (84-99%). Methanol precipitates were extensively digested with beta-amylase yielding(More)
Granular potato starches were methylated in aqueous suspension with dimethyl sulfate to molar substitution (MS) values up to 0.29. Fractions containing mainly amylose or amylopectin were obtained after aqueous leaching of the derivatised starch granules. Amylopectin in these fractions was precipitated with Concanavalin A to separate it from amylose. Amylose(More)
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