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The recent discovery that a spin-polarized electrical current can apply a large torque to a ferromagnet, through direct transfer of spin angular momentum, offers the possibility of manipulating magnetic-device elements without applying cumbersome magnetic fields. However, a central question remains unresolved: what type of magnetic motions can be generated(More)
The spin-transfer nano-oscillator (STNO) offers the possibility of using the transfer of spin angular momentum via spin-polarized currents to generate microwave signals. However, at present STNO microwave emission mainly relies on both large drive currents and external magnetic fields. These issues hinder the implementation of STNOs for practical(More)
We present time-resolved measurements of gigahertz-scale magnetic dynamics caused by torque from a spin-polarized current. By working in the time domain, we determined the motion of the magnetic moment throughout the process of spin-transfer-driven switching, and we measured turn-on times of steady-state precessional modes. Time-resolved studies of magnetic(More)
Spin torque from spin current applied to a nanoscale region of a ferromagnet can act as negative magnetic damping and thereby excite self-oscillations of its magnetization. In contrast, spin torque uniformly applied to the magnetization of an extended ferromagnetic film does not generate self-oscillatory magnetic dynamics but leads to reduction of the(More)
We demonstrate excitation of ferromagnetic resonance in CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) by the combined action of voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy (VCMA) and spin transfer torque (ST). Our measurements reveal that GHz-frequency VCMA torque and ST in low-resistance MTJs have similar magnitudes, and thus that both torques are equally(More)
We demonstrate a technique that enables ferromagnetic resonance measurements of the normal modes for magnetic excitations in individual nanoscale ferromagnets, smaller in volume by more than a factor of 50 compared to individual ferromagnetic samples measured by other resonance techniques. Studies of the resonance frequencies, amplitudes, linewidths, and(More)
We present spectral measurements of spin-wave excitations driven by direct spin-polarized current in a free layer of nanoscale Ir 20 Mn 80 /Ni 80 Fe 20 /Cu/Ni 80 Fe 20 spin valves. The measurements reveal that large-amplitude coherent spin-wave modes are excited over a wide range of bias current. The frequency of these excitations exhibits a series of jumps(More)
We report microwave-frequency magnetization dynamics coexcited by alternating spin torque and thermal fluctuations. In these dynamics, temperature strongly enhances the amplitude of magnetization precession and enables excitation of nonlinear dynamic states of magnetization by weak alternating spin torque. We explain these thermally-activated dynamics in(More)
We provide a progress update on the spin wave nanofabric. The nanofabric comprises magneto-electric cells and spin wave buses serving for spin wave propagation. The magneto-electric cells are used as the input/output ports for information transfer between the charge and the spin domains, while information processing inside the nanofabric is via spin waves(More)