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The effects of gradually reducing the osmolality of the basolateral solution (pi b) were examined in a renal epithelial cell line (A6). pi b was linearly decreased with time from 260 to 140 mosmol/ kgH2O. Cell volume did not change when pi b was gradually decreased at dilution rates (D(r)) of 1-1.5 mosmol. kgH2O-1. min-1. Increasing D(r) to 3 or 6 mosmol.(More)
The present study reports the effect of a reduction in the Na(+)-transport rate on cell volume. A decrease in transport rate was achieved by inhibition of the basolateral Na+/K+ pump with ouabain. Cultured A6 cell monolayers were short-circuited and exposed to ouabain at the basolateral surface. In one series of experiments, cells were impaled with(More)
Volume regulation of C6 glioma cells was studied while the bath osmolality was reduced from 300 to 150 mosmol/kg. Exposure to a hyposmotic challenge elicited a typical regulatory volume decrease (RVD). No regulatory volume increase was observed upon restoration of isosmotic conditions. During a second subsequent hyposmotic challenge, the cells did not(More)
The effects of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) on Na+ transport in distal renal tubular A6 cells have been studied by inhibition of its synthesis with L-NAME (10(-2) mol/l). Na+ transport was monitored by measuring short-circuit current, cell voltage, transepithelial, apical and basolateral membrane conductances. EDRF production in A6 cells was(More)
Volume regulation of C6 glioma cells was studied with an automatic system for monitoring cell thickness, while increasing bath osmolality from 300 to 440 mosmol/kgH2O. At 37 degrees C, tissues incubated in solutions containing active substances (inositol, D-biotin, hydrocortisone, prostaglandin E1, insulin, transferrin, sodium selenite, and(More)
Volume regulation of C6 glioma cells was studied in response to a gradual increase of extracellular osmolality from 300 to 440 mosmol/kgH2O at 37 degrees C. Maintenance of cell size depended on the rate of osmolality increase (CR): at CR of 3 mosmol.kg-1.min-1, cell volume was kept constant, whereas it decreased progressively at CR of 6 or 9(More)
This paper presents a simplified dynamical model for the control of one-degree-of-freedom synovial joints considered as pure trochlean joints. This model considers the joint dynamics, the dynamics of the corresponding muscles and their calcium balance dynamics, as well as position and force feedbacks provided by the spindles and the Golgi tendon organs.(More)
Human chromosome 17-specific genomic clones extending over 90 kilobases (kb) of DNA and coding for sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 3 (SERCA3) were isolated. The presence of the D17S1828 genetic marker in the cosmid contig enabled us to map the SERCA3 gene (ATP2A3) 11 centimorgans from the top of the short arm p of chromosome 17, in the vicinity of(More)
Expression patterns of sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic-reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) isoforms were studied in endothelial cells at the mRNA level by ratio RT-PCR technique and subsequent restriction-enzyme analysis. Three types of cells have been used in the present study: rat adrenal medulla microvascular(More)
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