Learn More
The distributions within the coeliac ganglion of different chemically coded subgroups of noradrenaline neurons, and the relationships between these neurons and nerve fibres projecting to the ganglion from the intestine, have been assessed quantitatively by use of an immunohistochemical double-staining method. Noradrenaline (NA) neurons made up 99% of all(More)
Ischaemic stroke is a complex disorder caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Clinical and epidemiological studies have provided strong evidence for genetic influences in the development of human stroke and several mendelian traits featuring stroke have been described. The genetic analysis of the non-mendelian, common ischaemic stroke(More)
1. The aim of this study was to investigate whether delayed treatment with the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent ebselen reduces the volume of infarction in a rodent model of permanent focal cerebral ischaemia. 2. Ebselen (10 or 30 mg kg-1) or vehicle was administered by gavage 30 min and 12 h after the induction of cerebral ischaemia by permanent(More)
Brain swelling is a serious complication associated with focal ischemia in stroke and severe head injury. Experimentally, reperfusion following focal cerebral ischemia exacerbates the level of brain swelling. In this study, the permeability of the blood-brain barrier has been investigated as a possible cause of reperfusion-related acute brain swelling.(More)
Recent evidence suggests that reproductive steroids are important players in shaping stroke outcome and cerebrovascular pathophysiologic features. Although women are at lower risk for stroke than men, this native protection is lost in the postmenopausal years. Therefore, aging women sustain a large burden for stroke, contrary to a popular misconception that(More)
The capacity of endothelin-1 to induce severe reductions in cerebral blood flow and ischaemic neuronal damage was assessed in anaesthetised rats. Endothelin-1 (25 microliters of 10(-7)-10(-4) M) was applied to the adventitial surface of an exposed middle cerebral artery and striatal blood flow assessed by the hydrogen clearance technique. Endothelin-1(More)
The neuroprotective efficacy of the hydroperoxide scavenger ebselen was assessed in a model of transient focal ischaemia that utilises the potent vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin-1 to induce temporary occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Pretreatment with ebselen (10 or 30 mg/kg p.o., 40 min pre-MCA occlusion) dose dependently reduced the volume(More)
1. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) increased inositol phosphate (IP) formation in the femoral artery and vein of adult Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats. 2. Noradrenaline (NA, 10(-6) M) induced IP accumulation in both strains of rats. 3. Subthreshold concentrations of NPY (3 x 10(-9) M for femoral vein and 10(-8) M for femoral artery) failed(More)
This review describes the most commonly used rodent models and outcome measures in preclinical stroke research and discusses their strengths and limitations. Most models involve permanent or transient middle cerebral artery occlusion with therapeutic agents tested for their ability to reduce stroke-induced infarcts and improve neurological deficits. Many(More)
Brain aromatase has been shown to be increased in expression after neurotoxic damage and to exert neuroprotection via generation of local oestrogens. The present study investigates the topography and time course of brain aromatase expression after experimental stroke (middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)). Ovariectomised stroke prone spontaneously(More)