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Brain aromatase has been shown to be increased in expression after neurotoxic damage and to exert neuroprotection via generation of local oestrogens. The present study investigates the topography and time course of brain aromatase expression after experimental stroke (middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)). Ovariectomised stroke prone spontaneously(More)
The present study employs selective estrogen receptor (ER) agonists to determine whether 17beta-estradiol-induced neuroprotection in global ischemia is receptor mediated and, if so, which subtype of receptor (ERalpha or ERbeta) is predominantly responsible. Halothane-anesthetized female C57Bl/6J mice were ovariectomized, and osmotic minipumps containing(More)
We have investigated genetic transmission of increased sensitivity to focal cerebral ischemia and the influence of gender in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP). Halothane-anesthetized, 3- to 5-month-old male and female Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY), SHRSP, and the first filial generation rats (F1 crosses 1 and 2) underwent distal (2 mm)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The study aim was to assess the effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) administration on white matter damage in vivo in spontaneously hypertensive rats. METHODS The left internal capsule was lesioned by a local injection of endothelin-1 (ET-1; 200 pmol) in adult spontaneously hypertensive rats. MgSO(4) was administered (300 mg/kg(More)
We describe a novel magnetic resonance imaging technique for detecting metabolism indirectly through changes in oxyhemoglobin:deoxyhemoglobin ratios and T2(*) signal change during 'oxygen challenge' (OC, 5 mins 100% O(2)). During OC, T2(*) increase reflects O(2) binding to deoxyhemoglobin, which is formed when metabolizing tissues take up oxygen. Here OC(More)
Endothelin-1 (1 nmol) was applied to the exposed left middle cerebral artery (MCA) in anaesthetised adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Local cerebral blood flow (1CBF), using [14C]iodoantipyrine and quantitative autoradiography, was measured in 27 anatomically defined structures, 10 min after topical application of endothelin-1. In those areas supplied by the(More)
Brain swelling is a serious complication associated with focal ischemia in stroke and severe head injury. Experimentally, reperfusion following focal cerebral ischemia exacerbates the level of brain swelling. In this study, the permeability of the blood-brain barrier has been investigated as a possible cause of reperfusion-related acute brain swelling.(More)
The distributions within the coeliac ganglion of different chemically coded subgroups of noradrenaline neurons, and the relationships between these neurons and nerve fibres projecting to the ganglion from the intestine, have been assessed quantitatively by use of an immunohistochemical double-staining method. Noradrenaline (NA) neurons made up 99% of all(More)
INTRODUCTION Numerous studies demonstrate oestrogen's neuroprotective effect in stroke models, although the mechanisms are unclear. Since oestrogen is an antioxidant, we tested the hypothesis that oestrogen reduces stroke-induced damage by reducing free radical damage, particularly lipid peroxidation. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomised and a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The neuroprotective efficacy of an intravenous formulation of the antioxidant ebselen has been comprehensively assessed with specific regard to conventional quantitative histopathology, subcortical axonal damage, neurological deficit, and principal mechanism of action. METHODS Transient focal ischemia (2 hours of intraluminal(More)