I Mhairi Macrae

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This review describes the most commonly used rodent models and outcome measures in preclinical stroke research and discusses their strengths and limitations. Most models involve permanent or transient middle cerebral artery occlusion with therapeutic agents tested for their ability to reduce stroke-induced infarcts and improve neurological deficits. Many(More)
The distributions within the coeliac ganglion of different chemically coded subgroups of noradrenaline neurons, and the relationships between these neurons and nerve fibres projecting to the ganglion from the intestine, have been assessed quantitatively by use of an immunohistochemical double-staining method. Noradrenaline (NA) neurons made up 99% of all(More)
The capacity of endothelin-1 to induce severe reductions in cerebral blood flow and ischaemic neuronal damage was assessed in anaesthetised rats. Endothelin-1 (25 microliters of 10(-7)-10(-4) M) was applied to the adventitial surface of an exposed middle cerebral artery and striatal blood flow assessed by the hydrogen clearance technique. Endothelin-1(More)
Ischaemic stroke is a complex disorder caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Clinical and epidemiological studies have provided strong evidence for genetic influences in the development of human stroke and several mendelian traits featuring stroke have been described. The genetic analysis of the non-mendelian, common ischaemic stroke(More)
We previously reported that during pro-estrus (high endogenous estrogen levels), brain damage after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was reduced in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) but not in normotensive Wistar Kyoto rat (WKY). In the present study, we examined the effect of exogenous estrogen on brain damage after MCAO in SHRSP(More)
1. The aim of this study was to investigate whether delayed treatment with the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent ebselen reduces the volume of infarction in a rodent model of permanent focal cerebral ischaemia. 2. Ebselen (10 or 30 mg kg-1) or vehicle was administered by gavage 30 min and 12 h after the induction of cerebral ischaemia by permanent(More)
Brain swelling is a serious complication associated with focal ischemia in stroke and severe head injury. Experimentally, reperfusion following focal cerebral ischemia exacerbates the level of brain swelling. In this study, the permeability of the blood-brain barrier has been investigated as a possible cause of reperfusion-related acute brain swelling.(More)
The present study employs selective estrogen receptor (ER) agonists to determine whether 17beta-estradiol-induced neuroprotection in global ischemia is receptor mediated and, if so, which subtype of receptor (ERalpha or ERbeta) is predominantly responsible. Halothane-anesthetized female C57Bl/6J mice were ovariectomized, and osmotic minipumps containing(More)
INTRODUCTION Numerous studies demonstrate oestrogen's neuroprotective effect in stroke models, although the mechanisms are unclear. Since oestrogen is an antioxidant, we tested the hypothesis that oestrogen reduces stroke-induced damage by reducing free radical damage, particularly lipid peroxidation. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomised and a(More)
Oestrogen is a complex hormone whose role as a neuroprotectant in experimental stroke has been published in numerous studies. However, although some clinical studies report a reduction in stroke incidence by oestrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women, others have found increased mortality and morbidity after stroke. Diathermy occlusion of the(More)