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Reacquisition after extinction often appears faster than original acquisition. However, data from conditioned suppression studies indicate that this effect may arise from spontaneous recovery and reinstatement of unextinguished contextual stimuli related to the unconditioned stimulus (US). In the present experiments using the rabbit nictitating membrane(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The study aim was to assess the effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) administration on white matter damage in vivo in spontaneously hypertensive rats. METHODS The left internal capsule was lesioned by a local injection of endothelin-1 (ET-1; 200 pmol) in adult spontaneously hypertensive rats. MgSO(4) was administered (300 mg/kg(More)
We describe a novel magnetic resonance imaging technique for detecting metabolism indirectly through changes in oxyhemoglobin:deoxyhemoglobin ratios and T2(*) signal change during 'oxygen challenge' (OC, 5 mins 100% O(2)). During OC, T2(*) increase reflects O(2) binding to deoxyhemoglobin, which is formed when metabolizing tissues take up oxygen. Here OC(More)
INTRODUCTION Numerous studies demonstrate oestrogen's neuroprotective effect in stroke models, although the mechanisms are unclear. Since oestrogen is an antioxidant, we tested the hypothesis that oestrogen reduces stroke-induced damage by reducing free radical damage, particularly lipid peroxidation. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomised and a(More)
Arterial spin labelling (ASL) is increasingly available for noninvasive cerebral blood flow (CBF) measurement in stroke research. Here, a pseudo-continuous ASL technique (pCASL) was evaluated against (99m)Tc-D, L-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime ((99m)Tc-HMPAO) autoradiography in a rat stroke model. The (99m)Tc-HMPAO was injected (intravenously, 225 MBq)(More)
The development of therapy to aid poststroke recovery is essential. The female hormone 17beta-estradiol has been shown to promote synaptogenesis; the purpose of this study was to attempt to harness these mechanisms to promote repair and recovery in the peri-infarct zone. Rats were ovariectomized, tested for sensorimotor function, and the middle cerebral(More)
A technique for noninvasively quantifying the concentration of sodium ((23) Na) ions was applied to the study of ischemic stroke. (23) Na-magnetic resonance imaging techniques have shown considerable potential for measuring subtle changes in ischemic tissue, although studies to date have suffered primarily from poor signal/noise ratio. In this study,(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) was converted from a protein with a short intracellular half-life in mammalian cells to a stable protein by truncating 37 residues at its carboxyl terminus. Cells expressing wild-type protein lost ODC activity with a half-life of approximately 1 hour. Cells expressing the truncated protein, however, retained full activity for(More)
We investigated the changes in Fos-like immunoreactivity in the locus coeruleus (LC) after classical conditioning of the rabbit's nictitating membrane. Specifically, we compared unpaired versus paired presentations of a tone conditioned stimulus (CS) and a tactile unconditioned stimulus (US; near the eye). After two training sessions, only paired(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe the first clinical application of transient hyperoxia ("oxygen challenge") during T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to detect differences in vascular deoxyhemoglobin between tissue compartments following stroke. METHODS Subjects with acute ischemic stroke were scanned with T2*-weighted MRI and oxygen challenge. For(More)