The value of serum autoantibodies against the liver-specific membrane lipoprotein (LSP) complex in predicting the outcome of treatment withdrawal was assessed in 22 patients with autoimmune chronic active hepatitis who had been maintained in remission on azathioprine and/or prednisolone. At the start of treatment withdrawal 8 patients had anti-LSP… (More)
To resolve conflicting reports about the occurrence of antibodies against hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients with autoimmune chronic active hepatitis (AI-CAH), sera from UK and Italian patients were tested with the original anti-HCV assay (Ortho) and a novel anti-HCV assay (UBI) based entirely on synthetic HCV peptides. 28 (60%) of 47 Italian patients with… (More)
BACKGROUND There is a paucity of data in the literature on the risks associated with, and optimal management of, pregnancy in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). AIMS To assess maternal and fetal outcomes in relation to clinical management of pregnancy in a large cohort of patients with well defined AIH. METHODS A review of all known pregnancies… (More)
An enzyme immunoassay (Ortho-HCV ELISA) for antibodies against the hepatitis C virus (HCV) was used to test 143 serum samples from 53 patients with autoimmune chronic active hepatitis (AI-CAH). Optical density (OD) values in the assay correlated closely with serum globulin (r = 0.8846, p much less than 0.0005) and IgG (r = 0.6281, p less than 0.0005)… (More)
By means of an indirect T-lymphocyte migration inhibitory factor assay, T-cell sensitisation to the asialoglycoprotein receptor, a liver-specific protein on the surface of hepatocytes, was found in patients with autoimmune chronic active hepatitis (CAH) but not in healthy relatives or spouses. Cellular immunity to a liver-derived lipoprotein complex (LSP)… (More)
The search for faster ways to get fractal pictures onto the computer screen leads to new problems on Latin squares.
The sensitisation of helper T cells of patients with autoimmune chronic active hepatitis to a liver-cell membrane-expressed asialoglycoprotein receptor protein is shown to be associated with a defect of T cells that specifically induce suppressor lymphocytes. These lymphocytes are found in an activated state in the peripheral blood of healthy people and may… (More)
Twelve doctors with special training in hepatology independently reviewed two to five cases each from a group of seven cases of complicated hepatobiliary problems. A doctor's willingness to take risks to improve his patients' health was quantified by a wagering technique based on the probability of achieving a successful intervention. These probabilities… (More)