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Green fluorescent protein (GFP) is widely used as a reporter gene in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. However, the fluorescence levels of wild-type GFP (wtGFP) are not bright enough for fluorescence-activated cell sorting or flow cytometry. Several GFP variants were generated that are brighter or have altered excitation spectra when expressed in prokaryotic(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathione (GSH) deficiency is common in HIV-infected individuals and is associated with impaired T cell function and impaired survival. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is used to replenish GSH that has been depleted by acetaminophen overdose. Studies here test oral administration of NAC for safe and effective GSH replenishment in HIV infection. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND As immunofluorescence experiments become more complex, the demand for new dyes with different properties increases. Fluorescent dyes with large Stoke's shifts that are very bright and have low background binding to cells are especially desirable. We report on the properties of the resonance energy tandems of phycoerythrin and allophycocyanin(More)
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