Learn More
Twenty-eight 42-day-old pups/sex/group (F0) were exposed to toluene diisocyanate vapor (TDI; 80% 2,4-TDI, 20% 2,6-TDI) by inhalation at 0.0, 0.02, 0.08, or 0.3 ppm, 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for 10 weeks, then mated within groups for 3 weeks, with exposure 7 days/week during mating, gestation, and lactation. F0 maternal animals were not exposed from gestational(More)
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) is an oxygenate that is added to gasoline to boost octane and enhance combustion, thereby reducing carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon tailpipe emissions. The acute and subchronic neurotoxicity of MTBE were evaluated in rats using a functional observation battery (FOB), measures of motor activity (MA) and a neuropathological(More)
Mated female CD (Sprague-Dawley) rats, 25/group, were exposed to toluene diisocyanate (TDI) vapor, for six h/day on gestational days (gd) 6 through 15, at 0.00, 0.02, 0.10, or 0.50 p.p.m.. Maternal clinical signs, body weights, and feed and water consumption were recorded throughout gestation. At termination (gd 21), maternal body, gravid uterine, and liver(More)
Groups of ten male and ten female Fischer 344 rats were exposed by inhalation 3.1, 0.6, 0.15, or 0.0 (control) ppm of methyl isocyanate (MIC) vapor 6 hr per day for 8 days (two 4-day sessions separated by a 2-day rest). Evaluation of toxic effects included body weight, food consumption, organ weights, and selected hematologic, ophthalmic, neurologic, gross(More)
Male Fischer 344 rats and male B6C3F1 mice (10/species/group) were exposed to ethylene 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for 4 weeks. The ethylene target concentrations were 0, 40, 1000, and 3000 ppm. An ethylene oxide (EO) control group for each species was exposed under the same conditions at a target concentration of 200 ppm. Bone marrow was collected approximately(More)
Ethylene glycol (EG) is a major industrial chemical, shown to be teratogenic at high doses by gavage in rodents. Since one route of industrial exposure is to the aerosol at high concentrations, timed-pregnant CD rats and CD-1 mice were exposed, whole-body, to a respirable aerosol of EG (mass median aerodynamic diameter, 2.3 microns) on Gestational Days (GD)(More)
1. The LC50 values for acrolein (AC) vapour to Sprague-Dawley rats (combined sexes) were determined to be 26 ppm (1 h) and 8.3 ppm (4 h). Signs of severe irritancy were present, and death was due to lung injury. 2. Exposure of rats to a 2-methoxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran (MDP) saturated vapour atmosphere statistically generated from liquid MDP containing 0.037%(More)
A two-generation reproduction study was performed by exposure of Sprague-Dawley CD rats to concentrations of 40, 10, 1, or 0 (control) ppm of nitrobenzene (NB) vapor. No NB-related effects on reproduction were observed at 10 or 1 ppm. At 40 ppm, a decrease in the fertility index of the F0 and F1 generations occurred, which was associated with alterations in(More)
Four groups, each consisting of 10 male and 10 female Fischer-344 rats, were exposed 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for 9 days to diisobutyl ketone (DIBK) vapor at concentrations of 905, 300, 98, or 0 (control) ppm. An additional 10 rats/sex were assigned to the 905 and 0 ppm groups and allowed two weeks recovery prior to sacrifice. Rats exposed to 905 ppm had mild(More)
This study was performed to evaluate the effects of nose-only restraint versus whole-body exposure procedures in the absence of test chemical, and to determine the appropriate control environment (water aerosol or air) for subsequent developmental toxicity studies of test materials administered as aerosols. Timed-pregnant CD-1 mice, 30/group, were exposed(More)