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Twenty-eight 42-day-old pups/sex/group (F0) were exposed to toluene diisocyanate vapor (TDI; 80% 2,4-TDI, 20% 2,6-TDI) by inhalation at 0.0, 0.02, 0.08, or 0.3 ppm, 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for 10 weeks, then mated within groups for 3 weeks, with exposure 7 days/week during mating, gestation, and lactation. F0 maternal animals were not exposed from gestational(More)
Mated female CD (Sprague-Dawley) rats, 25/group, were exposed to toluene diisocyanate (TDI) vapor, for six h/day on gestational days (gd) 6 through 15, at 0.00, 0.02, 0.10, or 0.50 p.p.m.. Maternal clinical signs, body weights, and feed and water consumption were recorded throughout gestation. At termination (gd 21), maternal body, gravid uterine, and liver(More)
Groups of ten male and ten female Fischer 344 rats were exposed by inhalation 3.1, 0.6, 0.15, or 0.0 (control) ppm of methyl isocyanate (MIC) vapor 6 hr per day for 8 days (two 4-day sessions separated by a 2-day rest). Evaluation of toxic effects included body weight, food consumption, organ weights, and selected hematologic, ophthalmic, neurologic, gross(More)
Male Fischer 344 rats and male B6C3F1 mice (10/species/group) were exposed to ethylene 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for 4 weeks. The ethylene target concentrations were 0, 40, 1000, and 3000 ppm. An ethylene oxide (EO) control group for each species was exposed under the same conditions at a target concentration of 200 ppm. Bone marrow was collected approximately(More)
Ethylene glycol (EG; CAS No. 107-21-1) is teratogenic to mice by whole-body (WB) exposure to aerosol (1000-2500 mg/m3). The WB results were confounded by possible exposure from ingestion after grooming and/or from percutaneous absorption. Therefore, CD-1 mice were exposed to EG aerosol (MMAD 2.6 +/- 1.7 microns) on Gestational Days (GD) 6 through 15, 6(More)
Timed-pregnant Fischer 344 rats and New Zealand White rabbits were exposed to ethylene glycol monobutyl ether vapors by inhalation on gestational days 6 through 15 (rats) or 6 through 18 (rabbits) at concentrations of 0, 25, 50, 100 or 200 ppm. The animals were sacrificed on gestational day 21 (rats) or 29 (rabbits). In rats, exposure to 200 or 100 ppm(More)
Ethylene glycol (EG) is a major industrial chemical, shown to be teratogenic at high doses by gavage in rodents. Since one route of industrial exposure is to the aerosol at high concentrations, timed-pregnant CD rats and CD-1 mice were exposed, whole-body, to a respirable aerosol of EG (mass median aerodynamic diameter, 2.3 microns) on Gestational Days (GD)(More)
Dimethylethanolamine (DMEA) is a volatile, water-soluble amine that has applications in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. These studies evaluated the acute and subchronic inhalation toxicity of DMEA. Acute (4-hr) exposures of Wistar rats to DMEA vapor resulted in an LC50 value (95% confidence limits) of 1641 (862-3125) ppm. Clinical signs of nasal(More)
Groups of male and female Fischer 344 rats, B6C3F1 mice, and Hartley guinea pigs were exposed once for 6 hr to mean concentrations of 10.5, 5.4, 2.4, 1.0, or 0 (control) ppm of methyl isocyanate (MIC) vapor. Rats and mice were also exposed to 20.4 ppm of MIC. No deaths occurred in animals exposed to 2.4 or 1.0 ppm. The majority of deaths for the 20.4- and(More)
The acute handling hazards of tris(dimethylamino)silane [TDMAS] were investigated. The acute male rat peroral LD50 (with 95% confidence limits) was 0.71 (0.51-0.97) ml/kg, and the acute male rabbit percutaneous LD50 was 0.57 (0.35-0.92) ml/kg. The liquid was severely irritating to the rabbit eye and skin, and the vapor severely irritating to the rat eye.(More)